Salutary Acute Effects of Exercise on Central Hemodynamics in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction

Masaru Obokata, Yogesh N.V. Reddy, Katlyn E. Koepp, Glenn M. Stewart, Thomas P. Olson, Vojtech Melenovsky, Daniel Burkhoff, Barry A. Borlaug

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A warmup period of priming exercise has been shown to improve peripheral oxygen transport in older adults. We sought to determine the acute effects of priming exercise on central hemodynamics at rest and during a repeat exercise in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods and Results: This is a post hoc analysis from 3 studies. Patients with HFpEF (n = 42) underwent cardiac catheterization with simultaneous expired gas analysis at rest and during exercise (20 W for 5 minutes, priming exercise). Measurements were then repeated at rest and during a second bout of exercise at a 20-W workload (second exercise). During the priming exercise, patients with HFpEF displayed dramatic increases in biventricular filling pressures and exercise-induced pulmonary hypertension. After the priming exercise at rest, biventricular filling pressures and pulmonary artery (PA) pressures were lower and lung tidal volume was increased. During the second bout of exercise, biventricular filling (PA wedge pressure, 29 ± 8 mm Hg at second exercise vs 32 ± 7 mm Hg at first exercise, P = .0003) and PA pressures were lower, and PA compliance increased. Conclusions: This study shows that short duration, submaximal priming exercise attenuates the pathologic increases in filling pressures, improving pulmonary vascular hemodynamics at rest and during repeat exercise in patients with HFpEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • diastolic function
  • exercise
  • heart failure
  • Hemodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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