Safety of Long-term Treatment With Certolizumab Pegol in Patients With Crohn's Disease, Based on a Pooled Analysis of Data From Clinical Trials

Edward Vincent Loftus, Jr, Jean Frederic Colombel, Stefan Schreiber, Charles W. Randall, Miguel Regueiro, Tauseef Ali, Catherine Arendt, Jason Coarse, Marshall Spearman, Gordana Kosutic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background & Aims Treatments for Crohn's disease (CD) have been linked to serious infections, malignancies, and dermatologic complications. We pooled and analyzed clinical trials of certolizumab pegol, a pegylated humanized Fab’ fragment against tumor necrosis factor, to quantify safety events in patients with CD. Methods We collected data from 5 placebo-controlled trials, 9 open-label studies, and 1 dose-regimen study, conducted globally through April 2014. A total of 2570 patients with moderate to severe CD were treated with certolizumab pegol, with 4378.1 patient-years of exposure. Data were analyzed in 2 groups: patients from placebo-controlled (PC) trials treated with placebo (n = 875) or certolizumab pegol (n = 919) for 6 to 38 weeks (the PC group) or all patients exposed to certolizumab pegol (n = 2570), for durations of 6 to 362 weeks (the all-studies group). Incidence rates (IRs; incidence/100 patient-years) of adverse events (AEs) were calculated from first dose through 70 days (approximately 5 half-lives) after the last dose. Results In the PC group, IRs for serious AEs were similar among patients given certolizumab pegol (31.35/100 patient-years) vs placebo (24.33/100 patient-years). IRs of serious infections or malignancies were low among patients receiving short-term treatment with certolizumab pegol (8.49/100 patient-years and 1.01/100 patient-years, respectively, in the PC group) and did not increase with long-term treatment (6.47/100 patient-years and 0.80/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis were low in the PC group (1.01/100 patient-years and 0/100 patient-years, respectively); in the placebo group, these IRs were 0.38 per 100 patient-years and 0 per 100 patient-years, respectively. IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis did not increase with long-term treatment (0.93/100 patient-years and 0.09/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). Conclusions Based on an analysis of data pooled from 15 trials of patients with CD, the safety profile for long-term therapy with certolizumab pegol therapy is similar to that reported from short-term studies. Overall rates of AEs, serious infections, malignancies, and psoriasis did not increase with long-term treatment, suggesting a favorable risk–benefit ratio with long-term certolizumab pegol therapy in CD. Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers: NCT00291668, NCT00152490, NCT00152425, NCT00308581, NCT00349752, NCT00552058, NCT00329550, NCT00329420, NCT00160524, NCT00160706, NCT00297648, NCT00333788, NCT00307931, NCT00356408, and NCT00552344 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/search).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1753-1762
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume14
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Fingerprint

Crohn Disease
Clinical Trials
Safety
Placebos
Therapeutics
Certolizumab Pegol
Psoriasis
Dermatitis
Infection
Neoplasms
Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
Incidence

Keywords

  • Complication
  • Pooled Analysis
  • Side Effects
  • TNF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Safety of Long-term Treatment With Certolizumab Pegol in Patients With Crohn's Disease, Based on a Pooled Analysis of Data From Clinical Trials. / Loftus, Jr, Edward Vincent; Colombel, Jean Frederic; Schreiber, Stefan; Randall, Charles W.; Regueiro, Miguel; Ali, Tauseef; Arendt, Catherine; Coarse, Jason; Spearman, Marshall; Kosutic, Gordana.

In: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol. 14, No. 12, 01.12.2016, p. 1753-1762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loftus, Jr, Edward Vincent ; Colombel, Jean Frederic ; Schreiber, Stefan ; Randall, Charles W. ; Regueiro, Miguel ; Ali, Tauseef ; Arendt, Catherine ; Coarse, Jason ; Spearman, Marshall ; Kosutic, Gordana. / Safety of Long-term Treatment With Certolizumab Pegol in Patients With Crohn's Disease, Based on a Pooled Analysis of Data From Clinical Trials. In: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2016 ; Vol. 14, No. 12. pp. 1753-1762.
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abstract = "Background & Aims Treatments for Crohn's disease (CD) have been linked to serious infections, malignancies, and dermatologic complications. We pooled and analyzed clinical trials of certolizumab pegol, a pegylated humanized Fab’ fragment against tumor necrosis factor, to quantify safety events in patients with CD. Methods We collected data from 5 placebo-controlled trials, 9 open-label studies, and 1 dose-regimen study, conducted globally through April 2014. A total of 2570 patients with moderate to severe CD were treated with certolizumab pegol, with 4378.1 patient-years of exposure. Data were analyzed in 2 groups: patients from placebo-controlled (PC) trials treated with placebo (n = 875) or certolizumab pegol (n = 919) for 6 to 38 weeks (the PC group) or all patients exposed to certolizumab pegol (n = 2570), for durations of 6 to 362 weeks (the all-studies group). Incidence rates (IRs; incidence/100 patient-years) of adverse events (AEs) were calculated from first dose through 70 days (approximately 5 half-lives) after the last dose. Results In the PC group, IRs for serious AEs were similar among patients given certolizumab pegol (31.35/100 patient-years) vs placebo (24.33/100 patient-years). IRs of serious infections or malignancies were low among patients receiving short-term treatment with certolizumab pegol (8.49/100 patient-years and 1.01/100 patient-years, respectively, in the PC group) and did not increase with long-term treatment (6.47/100 patient-years and 0.80/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis were low in the PC group (1.01/100 patient-years and 0/100 patient-years, respectively); in the placebo group, these IRs were 0.38 per 100 patient-years and 0 per 100 patient-years, respectively. IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis did not increase with long-term treatment (0.93/100 patient-years and 0.09/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). Conclusions Based on an analysis of data pooled from 15 trials of patients with CD, the safety profile for long-term therapy with certolizumab pegol therapy is similar to that reported from short-term studies. Overall rates of AEs, serious infections, malignancies, and psoriasis did not increase with long-term treatment, suggesting a favorable risk–benefit ratio with long-term certolizumab pegol therapy in CD. Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers: NCT00291668, NCT00152490, NCT00152425, NCT00308581, NCT00349752, NCT00552058, NCT00329550, NCT00329420, NCT00160524, NCT00160706, NCT00297648, NCT00333788, NCT00307931, NCT00356408, and NCT00552344 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/search).",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Safety of Long-term Treatment With Certolizumab Pegol in Patients With Crohn's Disease, Based on a Pooled Analysis of Data From Clinical Trials

AU - Loftus, Jr, Edward Vincent

AU - Colombel, Jean Frederic

AU - Schreiber, Stefan

AU - Randall, Charles W.

AU - Regueiro, Miguel

AU - Ali, Tauseef

AU - Arendt, Catherine

AU - Coarse, Jason

AU - Spearman, Marshall

AU - Kosutic, Gordana

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Background & Aims Treatments for Crohn's disease (CD) have been linked to serious infections, malignancies, and dermatologic complications. We pooled and analyzed clinical trials of certolizumab pegol, a pegylated humanized Fab’ fragment against tumor necrosis factor, to quantify safety events in patients with CD. Methods We collected data from 5 placebo-controlled trials, 9 open-label studies, and 1 dose-regimen study, conducted globally through April 2014. A total of 2570 patients with moderate to severe CD were treated with certolizumab pegol, with 4378.1 patient-years of exposure. Data were analyzed in 2 groups: patients from placebo-controlled (PC) trials treated with placebo (n = 875) or certolizumab pegol (n = 919) for 6 to 38 weeks (the PC group) or all patients exposed to certolizumab pegol (n = 2570), for durations of 6 to 362 weeks (the all-studies group). Incidence rates (IRs; incidence/100 patient-years) of adverse events (AEs) were calculated from first dose through 70 days (approximately 5 half-lives) after the last dose. Results In the PC group, IRs for serious AEs were similar among patients given certolizumab pegol (31.35/100 patient-years) vs placebo (24.33/100 patient-years). IRs of serious infections or malignancies were low among patients receiving short-term treatment with certolizumab pegol (8.49/100 patient-years and 1.01/100 patient-years, respectively, in the PC group) and did not increase with long-term treatment (6.47/100 patient-years and 0.80/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis were low in the PC group (1.01/100 patient-years and 0/100 patient-years, respectively); in the placebo group, these IRs were 0.38 per 100 patient-years and 0 per 100 patient-years, respectively. IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis did not increase with long-term treatment (0.93/100 patient-years and 0.09/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). Conclusions Based on an analysis of data pooled from 15 trials of patients with CD, the safety profile for long-term therapy with certolizumab pegol therapy is similar to that reported from short-term studies. Overall rates of AEs, serious infections, malignancies, and psoriasis did not increase with long-term treatment, suggesting a favorable risk–benefit ratio with long-term certolizumab pegol therapy in CD. Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers: NCT00291668, NCT00152490, NCT00152425, NCT00308581, NCT00349752, NCT00552058, NCT00329550, NCT00329420, NCT00160524, NCT00160706, NCT00297648, NCT00333788, NCT00307931, NCT00356408, and NCT00552344 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/search).

AB - Background & Aims Treatments for Crohn's disease (CD) have been linked to serious infections, malignancies, and dermatologic complications. We pooled and analyzed clinical trials of certolizumab pegol, a pegylated humanized Fab’ fragment against tumor necrosis factor, to quantify safety events in patients with CD. Methods We collected data from 5 placebo-controlled trials, 9 open-label studies, and 1 dose-regimen study, conducted globally through April 2014. A total of 2570 patients with moderate to severe CD were treated with certolizumab pegol, with 4378.1 patient-years of exposure. Data were analyzed in 2 groups: patients from placebo-controlled (PC) trials treated with placebo (n = 875) or certolizumab pegol (n = 919) for 6 to 38 weeks (the PC group) or all patients exposed to certolizumab pegol (n = 2570), for durations of 6 to 362 weeks (the all-studies group). Incidence rates (IRs; incidence/100 patient-years) of adverse events (AEs) were calculated from first dose through 70 days (approximately 5 half-lives) after the last dose. Results In the PC group, IRs for serious AEs were similar among patients given certolizumab pegol (31.35/100 patient-years) vs placebo (24.33/100 patient-years). IRs of serious infections or malignancies were low among patients receiving short-term treatment with certolizumab pegol (8.49/100 patient-years and 1.01/100 patient-years, respectively, in the PC group) and did not increase with long-term treatment (6.47/100 patient-years and 0.80/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis were low in the PC group (1.01/100 patient-years and 0/100 patient-years, respectively); in the placebo group, these IRs were 0.38 per 100 patient-years and 0 per 100 patient-years, respectively. IRs of psoriasis or psoriasiform dermatitis did not increase with long-term treatment (0.93/100 patient-years and 0.09/100 patient-years, respectively, in the all-studies group). Conclusions Based on an analysis of data pooled from 15 trials of patients with CD, the safety profile for long-term therapy with certolizumab pegol therapy is similar to that reported from short-term studies. Overall rates of AEs, serious infections, malignancies, and psoriasis did not increase with long-term treatment, suggesting a favorable risk–benefit ratio with long-term certolizumab pegol therapy in CD. Clinicaltrials.gov identifiers: NCT00291668, NCT00152490, NCT00152425, NCT00308581, NCT00349752, NCT00552058, NCT00329550, NCT00329420, NCT00160524, NCT00160706, NCT00297648, NCT00333788, NCT00307931, NCT00356408, and NCT00552344 (https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/search).

KW - Complication

KW - Pooled Analysis

KW - Side Effects

KW - TNF

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