Safety and tolerability of lurbinectedin (PM01183) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome

Christopher B. Benton, Kelly S. Chien, Ayalew Tefferi, Jose Rodriguez, Farhad Ravandi, Naval Daver, Elias Jabbour, Nitin Jain, Yesid Alvarado, Monica Kwari, Sherry Pierce, Abhishek Maiti, Marisa Hornbaker, Margarida A. Santos, Sara Martinez, Mariano Siguero, Darci Zblewski, Aref Al-Kali, William J. Hogan, Hagop KantarjianAnimesh Pardanani, Guillermo Garcia-Manero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trabectedin is an FDA-approved DNA minor groove binder that has activity against translocation-associated sarcomas. Lurbinectedin is a next-generation minor groove binder with preclinical activity against myeloid leukemia cells. A dose-finding phase 1 clinical trial was performed in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with further assessment of safety and tolerability. Forty-two patients with relapsed/refractory AML/MDS received lurbinectedin administered as a 1-hour intravenous infusion in a 3 + 3 study design. Two dosing schedules were used: 3.5, 5, 7, or 6 mg on days 1 and 8 or 2, 3, 1, or 1.5 mg for 3 consecutive days on days 1 to 3. Three patients experienced dose-limiting toxicities of rhabdomyolysis (grade 4), hyperbilirubinemia (grade 3), and oral herpes (grade 3) with the day 1 and 8 schedule. Otherwise, adverse events mainly consisted of gastrointestinal manifestations (n = 11), febrile neutropenia/infections (n = 4), pulmonary toxicity (n = 2), and renal failure (n = 2). The most common laboratory abnormalities observed were an increase in creatinine (93%) and anemia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia (100%). Overall, 33 of 42 patients (79%) had reduction in blasts in peripheral blood or bone marrow. One patient achieved a partial response and 2 patients a morphologic leukemia-free state. Most (n = 30, 71%) were discontinued due to progressive disease. Early deaths occurred from disease-related causes that were not attributable to lurbinectedin. Four patients with a chromosome 11q21-23 abnormality had significantly greater bone marrow blast reduction than those without such abnormality, with decrease of 31 ± 14% (n = 4) vs 8 ± 8% (n = 16), respectively (P =.04). Overall, lurbinectedin was safe and tolerated using the schedules and dose levels tested. While no sustained remissions were observed, single-agent lurbinectedin was transiently leukemia suppressive for some patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-102
Number of pages7
JournalHematological Oncology
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Keywords

  • PM01183
  • acute myeloid leukemia
  • lurbinectedin
  • minor groove binder
  • myelodysplastic syndromes
  • phase 1 clinical trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Benton, C. B., Chien, K. S., Tefferi, A., Rodriguez, J., Ravandi, F., Daver, N., Jabbour, E., Jain, N., Alvarado, Y., Kwari, M., Pierce, S., Maiti, A., Hornbaker, M., Santos, M. A., Martinez, S., Siguero, M., Zblewski, D., Al-Kali, A., Hogan, W. J., ... Garcia-Manero, G. (2019). Safety and tolerability of lurbinectedin (PM01183) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Hematological Oncology, 37(1), 96-102. https://doi.org/10.1002/hon.2557