Background and Aims: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is used for treating early luminal GI cancers. ESD is the standard of care in Asia, where it results in multiday admissions for observation. The goal of our study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of same-day discharge (SDD) after ESD. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of adults who underwent similar esophageal ESD with a Clutch Cutter device (DP2618DT; Fujifilm) at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minn, USA) from 2017 to 2019 with a single endoscopist. The primary end point was postprocedural adverse events within 7 days of ESD. Results: Of 96 patients (75% male, mean age, 70 ± 10.3 years) undergoing a total of 140 ESDs, 85 were SDD versus 55 admissions. Of the 55 admits, 53 were discharged within 24 hours, whereas 2 were admitted for 2 to 3 days for reasons unrelated to the ESD procedure. Admissions were more likely to have a history of antiplatelet/anticoagulant use (56.4% vs 34.1%; P = .01) and higher mean American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score (3.2 vs 2.9; P = .007). Admissions had larger resections (28.6 vs 20.1 mm; P < .0001) with longer procedural durations (103.4 vs 62 minutes; P < .0001). Among SDDs, no intraprocedural or postprocedural adverse events were seen. Among admissions, 1 (1.8% vs 0%; P = .39) experienced intraprocedural bleeding requiring endoscopic intervention, 1 required transfusion before discharge within 24 hours of ESD (1.8% vs 0%; P = .39), and 1 required rehospitalization and endoscopic intervention within 7 days to address an active bleed along the resection margin (1.8% vs 0%; P = .39). Conclusions: SDD after esophageal ESD is safe and feasible. An experienced endoscopist can determine if SDD can be considered in patients with ASA physical classification status ≤2 who undergo resections off antiplatelet/anticoagulant therapy and do not experience intraprocedural adverse events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging