Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic abdominal surgery in patients with mechanical circulatory assist devices

Awais Ashfaq, Alyssa B. Chapital, Daniel J. Johnson, Linda L. Staley, Francisco A. Arabia, Kristi L. Harold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Increasing number of mechanical circulatory assist devices (MCADs) are being placed in heart failure patients. Morbidity from device placement is high and the outcome of patients who require noncardiac surgery after, is unclear. As laparoscopic interventions are associated with decreased morbidity, we examined the impact of such procedures in these patients. Methods. A retrospective review was conducted on 302 patients who underwent MCAD placement from 2005 to 2012. All laparoscopic abdominal surgeries were included and impact on postoperative morbidity and mortality studied. Results. Ten out of 16 procedures were laparoscopic with 1 conversion to open. Seven patients had a HeartMate II, 2 had Total Artificial Hearts, and 1 had CentriMag. Four patients had devices for ischemic cardiomyopathy and 6 cases were emergent. Surgeries included 6 laparoscopic cholecystectomies, 2 exploratory laparoscopies, 1 laparoscopic colostomy takedown, and 1 laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with mesh. Median age of the patients was 63 years (range, 29-79 years). Median operative time was 123 minutes (range, 30-380 minutes). Five of 10 patients were on preoperative anticoagulation with average intraoperative blood loss of 150 mL (range, 20-700 mL). There were 3 postoperative complications; acute respiratory failure, acute kidney injury and multisystem organ failure resulting in death not related to the surgical procedure. Conclusion. The need for noncardiac surgery in post-MCAD patients is increasing due to limited donors and due to more durable and longer support from newer generation assist devices. While surgery should be approached with caution in this high-risk group, laparoscopic surgery appears to be a safe and successful treatment option.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-473
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Innovation
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • abdominal complication
  • abdominal surgery
  • laparoscopic surgery
  • mechanical circulatory device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Ashfaq, A., Chapital, A. B., Johnson, D. J., Staley, L. L., Arabia, F. A., & Harold, K. L. (2016). Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic abdominal surgery in patients with mechanical circulatory assist devices. Surgical Innovation, 23(5), 469-473. https://doi.org/10.1177/1553350616628679