Safety and Efficacy of Cryoablation in Patients With Ventricular Arrhythmias Originating From the Para-Hisian Region

Koji Miyamoto, Suraj Kapa, Siva K. Mulpuru, Abhishek J. Deshmukh, Samuel J. Asirvatham, Thomas M. Munger, Paul A. Friedman, Douglas L. Packer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the outcome of cryoablation in patients with ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the para-Hisian region. Background: There are few data regarding the outcome of cryoablation in patients with VAs originating from the para-Hisian region, where there is the risk of injury to the conduction system. Methods: The study analyzed all patients undergoing cryoablation at the Mayo Clinic (Rochester, Minnesota) as part of an ablation for VAs originating from the para-Hisian region. Results: The study population consisted of 10 patients (64 ± 15 years of age, 7 men). Cryoenergy was applied after an unsuccessful radiofrequency (RF) ablation in 8 (80%) patients. The VAs were successfully ablated with cryoablation in 7 (70%) patients; RF ablation after an unsuccessful cryoablation eliminated the VAs at almost the same location with careful monitoring in 1 patient. The authors could not ablate the actual focus because a transient atrioventricular block developed during cryo- and RF energy applications, which led to an unsuccessful ablation in the remaining 2 patients. A complete atrioventricular block occurred during the cryoenergy application in 1 patient, who needed a permanent pacemaker implantation. There were no VA recurrences in 4 of 8 (50%) patients with procedural success during a median follow-up period of 122 days (interquartile range: 43 to 574 days). Conclusions: Cryoablation is clinically effective in some patients with VAs originating from the para-Hisian region, where there is the risk of injury to the conduction system, and therefore should be considered as an alternative to or in addition to RF ablation in these cases. Cryoablation requires care because it can also lead to major complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2018

Keywords

  • Cryoablation
  • Para-Hisian region
  • Radiofrequency ablation
  • Ventricular arrhythmias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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