Background & Aims: We aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of budesonide oral suspension (BOS) maintenance therapy in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Methods: We performed an open-label extension study of a 12-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Patients with EoE (11–40 years old) who completed double-blind BOS (n = 45) or placebo therapy (n = 37) received 24 weeks’ open-label BOS (2.0 mg once daily for 12 weeks, with optional dose increase [1.5–2.0 mg twice daily] for 12 weeks thereafter). Predefined efficacy outcomes included: proportion of patients with a histologic response (≤6 eosinophils/high-power field [eos/hpf]) and change in mean peak eosinophil counts after 24 weeks. Analyses were stratified by patients who received placebo (placebo/BOS) or BOS (BOS/BOS) during the double-blind trial. Results: BOS was well tolerated and drug-related adverse events were uncommon (placebo/BOS, 19% [7/37]; BOS/BOS, 4% [2/45]). Incidence of oral candidiasis (1 per group) and esophageal candidiasis (placebo/BOS group, n = 4) remained low. Changes in morning serum cortisol levels were not clinically relevant. A histologic response was observed in 49% (16/33) of patients receiving placebo/BOS and 23% (9/39) receiving BOS/BOS. Mean peak eosinophil counts (baseline vs week 24 or early termination) were: placebo/BOS, 118.8 vs 29.1; P <.001 and BOS/BOS, 38.1 vs 72.4; P =.01. Of the patients who responded to double-blind therapy, 42% maintained a histologic response during the open-label extension; 4% of nonresponders gained response. Conclusions: In an open-label extension study of patients with EoE, BOS was well tolerated and drug-related adverse events were uncommon. BOS maintained a histologic response in some initial responders, but few initial nonresponders had a response. ClinicalTrials.gov no: NCT01642212.
- Clinical Trial
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