Safety and effectiveness of radiologic and endoscopic percutaneous gastrostomy placement: A randomized study

Osman Mohamed Elfadil, Forrest B. Linch, Sara L. Seegmiller, Ryan T. Hurt, Manpreet S. Mundi, Melissa J. Neisen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gastrostomy tubes placed radiologically, endoscopically or surgically facilitate long-term home enteral nutrition (HEN). Patient-specific clinical factors may affect placement techniques, confounding direct comparisons between radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) outcomes. This study sought to evaluate the differences in clinical outcomes in patients undergoing gastrostomy tube placement by interventional radiologists or gastroenterologists. Methods: A single-center prospective trial randomizing patients initiating HEN to RIG or PEG was conducted between March 2018 and June 2021. Patients were followed until the time of gastrostomy removal or until 9 months after tube placement. Tracked complications included peritonitis, abscess, bleeding, bowel perforation, and tube occlusion, malposition, or damage. Periprocedural pain rating and quality of life (QoL) surveys were collected. Results: Forty-two patients were randomized to RIG or PEG. Twenty patients underwent RIG (mean age, 63.0 ± 11.7 years; 85% male; 95% with head and neck cancer) and 22 patients underwent PEG (mean age, 66.3 ± 10.9 years; 81.8% male; 90.9% with head and neck cancer). RIG and PEG groups had 4.18 ± 5.49 and 2.80 ± 5.82 complications per 1000 HEN days, respectively (P = 0.357). The most frequent complications were tube malposition and abscess formation for the RIG and PEG groups, respectively. No major complications occurred in either group. There was no difference in the average of pain ratings in all pain inventory components across both groups. Both groups reported improvement in overall QoL after gastrostomy tube placement (P = 0.532). Conclusion: RIG is noninferior to PEG regarding complication rates, pain, and QoL when compared in a prospective randomized fashion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • enteral feeding
  • feeding tube
  • gastrostomy
  • percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  • radiologically inserted gastrostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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