Treatments for high-risk essential thrombocythemia (ET) address thrombocytosis, diseaserelated symptoms, as well as risks of thrombosis, hemorrhage, transformation to myelofibrosis, and leukemia. Patients resistant/intolerant to hydroxycarbamide (HC) have a poor outlook. MAJIC (ISRCTN61925716) is a randomized phase 2 trial of ruxolitinib (JAK1/2 inhibitor) vs best available therapy (BAT) in ET and polycythemia vera patients resistant or intolerant to HC. Here, findings of MAJIC-ET are reported, where the modified intention-to-treat population included 58 and 52 patients randomized to receive ruxolitinib or BAT, respectively.Therewasnoevidenceof improvement incomplete responsewithin1year reported in 27 (46.6%) patients treated with ruxolitinib vs 23 (44.2%) with BAT (P 5.40). At 2 years, rates of thrombosis, hemorrhage, and transformationwere not significantly different; however, some disease-related symptoms improved in patients receiving ruxolitinib relative to BAT.Molecular responses were uncommon; there were 2 completemolecular responses (CMR) and 1 partial molecular response in CALR-positive ruxolitinib-treated patients. Transformation to myelofibrosis occurred in 1 CMR patient, presumably because of the emergence of a different clone, raising questions about the relevance of CMR in ET patients. Grade 3 and 4 anemia occurred in 19% and 0%of ruxolitinib vs 0% (both grades) in the BAT arm, and grade 3 and 4 thrombocytopenia in 5.2% and 1.7% of ruxolitinib vs 0% (both grades) of BAT-treated patients. Rates of discontinuation or treatmentswitching didnot differ between the 2 trial arms. TheMAJIC-ET trial suggests that ruxolitinib is not superior to current second-line treatments for ET.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology