Ruxolitinib Cream in the Treatment of Cutaneous Lichen Planus: A Prospective, Open-Label Study

Caitlin M. Brumfiel, Meera H. Patel, Kevin J. Severson, Nan Zhang, Xing Li, Jaxon K. Quillen, Samantha M. Zunich, Emily L. Branch, Steven A. Nelson, Mark R. Pittelkow, Aaron R. Mangold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ruxolitinib is a Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor that blocks signal transduction of interferon-gamma, a critical cytokine involved in the pathogenesis of cutaneous lichen planus (LP). In this prospective phase II study, we investigated the efficacy of topical ruxolitinib in cutaneous LP and performed transcriptomic analysis before and after therapy. Twelve patients with cutaneous LP applied topical ruxolitinib twice daily for 8 weeks. Primary endpoints were changes in total lesion count and changes in modified Composite Assessment of Index Lesion Severity score in index treated and untreated index control lesions at week 4. Total lesion count decreased by a median of 50 lesions (interquartile range 25, 723; P < 0.001). modified Composite Assessment of Index Lesion Severity scores decreased by a mean difference of 7.6 (standard deviation 8.8, P = 0.016) between index treated and control lesions. Type I and II interferon pathways were enriched in LP, and responsive disease displayed downregulation of interferon-stimulated genes. In this small pilot study, topical ruxolitinib was highly effective in the treatment of cutaneous LP. Transcriptomic analysis confirmed LP as an interferon-driven disease and downregulation of interferon-stimulated genes correlated with disease response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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