Background Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy and duct-to-duct anastomosis are potential methods for biliary reconstruction in liver transplantation (LT) for recipients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). However, there is controversy over which method yields superior outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of duct-to-duct versus Roux-en-Y biliary anastomosis in patients undergoing LT for PSC. Methods Studies comparing Roux-en-Y versus duct-to-duct anastomosis during LT for PSC were identified based on systematic searches of 9 electronic databases and multiple sources of gray literature. Results The search identified 496 citations, including 7 retrospective series, and 692 patients met eligibility criteria. The use of duct-to-duct anastomosis was not associated with a significant difference in clinical outcomes, including 1-year recipient survival rates (odds ratio [OR], 1.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65-1.60; P =.95), 1-year graft survival rates (OR, 1.11; 95% CI, 0.72-1.71; P =.64), risk of biliary leaks (OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 0.59-2.59; P =.33), risk of biliary strictures (OR, 1.99; 95% CI, 0.98-4.06; P =.06), or rate of recurrence of PSC (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.19-4.78; P =.94). Conclusions There were no significant differences in 1-year recipient survival, 1-year graft survival, risk of biliary complications, and PSC recurrence between Roux-en-Y and duct-to-duct biliary anastomosis in LT for PSC.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Jul 2013|
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