Routine Continuous Electrocardiographic Monitoring following Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

Mohammed A. Al-Hijji, Rajiv Gulati, Malcolm Bell, Revelee J. Kaplan, Jeanna L. Feind, Bradley R. Lewis, Bijan J. Borah, James P. Moriarty, Jae Yoon Park, Abdallah El Sabbagh, Ardaas Kanwar, Gregory Barsness, Thomas Munger, Samuel Asirvatham, Amir Lerman, Mandeep Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The clinical utility of routine electrocardiographic monitoring following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is not well studied. Methods: We prospectively evaluated the incidence, cost, and the clinical implications of actionable arrhythmia alarms on telemetry monitoring following PCI. One thousand three hundred fifty-eight PCI procedures (989 [72.8%] for acute coronary syndrome and 369 [27.2%] for stable angina) on patients admitted to nonintensive care unit were identified and divided into 2 groups; group 1, patients with actionable alarms (AA) and group 2, patients with non-AA. AA included (1) ≥3 s electrical pause or asystole; (2) high-grade Mobitz type II atrioventricular block or complete heart block; (3) ventricular fibrillation; (4) ventricular tachycardia (>15 beats); (5) atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response; (6) supraventricular tachycardia (>15 beats). Primary outcomes were 30-day all-cause mortality. Cost-savings analysis was performed. Results: Incidence of AA was 2.2% (37/1672). Time from end of procedure to AA was 5.5 (0.5, 24.5) hours. Patients with AA were older, presented with acute congestive heart failure or non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction, and had multivessel or left main disease. The 30-day all-cause mortality was significantly higher in patients with AA (6.5% versus 0.3% in non-AA [P<0.001]). Applying the standardized costing approach and tailored monitoring per the American Heart Association guidelines lead to potential cost savings of $622 480.95 for the entire population. Conclusions: AA following PCI were infrequent but were associated with increase in 30-day mortality. Following American Heart Association guidelines for monitoring after PCI can lead to substantial cost saving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Interventions
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • acute coronary syndrome
  • cost saving
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • telemetry
  • ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Al-Hijji, M. A., Gulati, R., Bell, M., Kaplan, R. J., Feind, J. L., Lewis, B. R., Borah, B. J., Moriarty, J. P., Yoon Park, J., El Sabbagh, A., Kanwar, A., Barsness, G., Munger, T., Asirvatham, S., Lerman, A., & Singh, M. (2020). Routine Continuous Electrocardiographic Monitoring following Percutaneous Coronary Interventions. Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.119.008290