Roles of CD9 Molecules in Survival and Activation of Human Eosinophils

Jin Tack Kim, Gerald J. Gleich, Hirohito Kita

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Abstract

CD9 is a cell surface glycoprotein belonging to the transmembrane 4 superfamily. In this report, we demonstrate that crosslinking CD9 with different forms of mAb activates distinct functions of human eosinophils. Anti-CD9 mAb (clone ALB6) immobilized onto tissue culture plates induced eosinophil degranulation. This effect of anti-CD9 mAb (clone ALB6) was unique because other immobilized clones of anti-CD9 mAb (clones FMC56 and ML13) or anti-HLA Class I mAb failed to induce degranulation. In addition, neutrophil degranulation was not provoked by the immobilized clone ALB6, consistent with a lack of expression of CD9 on neutrophils. Eosinophil degranulation induced by anti-CD9 mAb (clone ALB6) was abolished by pretreatment of eosinophils with anti-CD18 mAb, suggesting that β2 integrins are involved in the reaction. In contrast to the results with immobilized clones, all clones of anti-CD9 mAb in soluble form enhanced eosinophil survival. This enhanced survival was inhibited by anti-granulocyte-macrophage-CSF (GM-CSF) mAb, suggesting that autocrine production of GM-CSF by eosinophils mediated the enhanced survival. In fact, by ELISA and RT-PCR, GM-CSF protein and mRNA were detected in supernatants and cell lysates of eosinophils stimulated by soluble anti-CD9 mAb, but not by immobilized mAb. These results indicate that CD9 serves as a molecule that delivers stimulation signals on eosinophils. The eosinophil's cellular responses may differ and be dependent on the manner of receptor ligation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)926-933
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume159
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 15 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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