The small GTPase Rac1 is thought to play an important role in cell migration and invasion. We have previously identified synaptojanin 2, a phosphoinositide phosphatase, as an effector of Rac1. Here, we show that small interfering RNA-mediated depletion of either Rac1 or synaptojanin 2 inhibits invasion of SNB19 and U87MG glioblastoma cells through Matrigel and rat brain slices. Depletion of Rac1 or synaptojanin 2 also inhibits migration of SNB19 and U87MG cells on glioma-derived extracellular matrix. In addition, we found that depletion of Rac1 or synaptojanin 2 inhibits the formation of lamellipodia and invadopodia, specialized membrane structures that are thought to be involved in extracellular matrix degradation. These results suggest that synaptojanin 2 contributes to the role of Rac1 in cell invasion and migration by regulating the formation of invadopodia and lamellipodia. This study also identifies synaptojanin 2 as a novel potential target for therapeutic intervention in malignant tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research