Role of stress and psychosocial determinants on women's cardiovascular risk and disease development

Jose R. Medina-Inojosa, Shravya Vinnakota, Mariana Garcia, Maria Arciniegas Calle, Sharon Lee Mulvagh, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Anjali Bhagra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The notion that cardiovascular disease (CVD) primarily occurs in men is slowly disappearing. More women than men die of CVD every year, and when women survive, the burden and consequences are worse than in men. Markers of stress and other psychosocial factors have been associated with poor outcomes. Multiple studies have demonstrated sex-based differences in the vascular and endothelial responses to mental stress. Psychosocial stressors were also found to be independent risk factors for the development and progression of CVD. This review arises from accumulating evidence suggesting that psychological well-being may improve cardiac-related outcomes, independent of cardiac risk factors. Despite the fact that positive physician-patient engagement is likely to play a critical role in promoting positive psychological traits and healthy behaviors, current physician awareness and advocacy are rather suboptimal, despite active awareness campaigns such as the American Heart Association's Go Red for Women ® . There is a need to further study the role and management of stress as a CVD risk factor, especially in women, who are disproportionately affected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • cardiovascular health
  • mental health
  • stress
  • women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of stress and psychosocial determinants on women's cardiovascular risk and disease development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Medina-Inojosa, J. R., Vinnakota, S., Garcia, M., Arciniegas Calle, M., Mulvagh, S. L., Lopez-Jimenez, F., & Bhagra, A. (2019). Role of stress and psychosocial determinants on women's cardiovascular risk and disease development. Journal of Women's Health, 28(4), 483-489. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2018.7035