Role of oxidative stress in hypoxia preconditioning of cells transplanted to the myocardium: A molecular imaging study

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Abstract

Aim. Cell-based therapies are a potential therapeutic alternative for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, transplanted cells undergo significant death in the living subject. Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) is a potential intervention to increase transplanted cell survival. However, the biological mechanisms of this benefit remain unclear. We hypothesize that the beneficial effect of HPC on stem cell survival is in part due to preservation of oxidant status, an effect that will be monitored using state-of-the-art molecular imaging. Methods. H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts expressing the construct CMV-firefly luciferase (h9c2-fluc), with and without HPC, were exposed to hypoxia, and oxidative stress and cell survival were measured. Subsequently, H9c2-fluc cells, with and without HPC, were injected into the myocardium of rats and cell survival was monitored daily with Bioluminescence (BLI) using a CCD camera. Results. Compared to controls, cells exposed to hypoxia had increased amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS, control: 14.1±0.9 vs. hypoxia: 19.5±2.0 RFU/μg protein, P=0.02) and decreased cell survival (control: 0.29±0.005 vs. hypoxia: 0.24±0.005 OD, P<0.001). HPC treatment decreased the amount of hypoxia-induced ROS (HPC: 11.5±0.7 RFU/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.11 vs. control), associated with improved survival (HPC: 0.27±0.004OD/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.005 vs. control). Most importantly, compared to un-conditioned cells, HPC-cells had increased cell survival after transplantation to the myocardium (C: 34.7±6.7% vs. HPC: 83.4±17.5% at day 5 compared to day 1, P=0.01). Conclusion. The beneficial effect of HPC is in part due to preservation of oxidant status. Molecular imaging can assess changes in cell survival in the living subject and has the potential to be applied clinically.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-585
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume52
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Fingerprint

Cell Hypoxia
Molecular Imaging
Cell Survival
Myocardium
Oxidative Stress
Oxidants
Firefly Luciferases
Proteins
Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
Hypoxia
Coronary Artery Disease
Reactive Oxygen Species
Stem Cells
Therapeutics
Transplantation

Keywords

  • Luciferases, firefly
  • Molecular imaging
  • Myoblasts
  • Oxidative stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{ba9ff704606249809b415889ccd3aac5,
title = "Role of oxidative stress in hypoxia preconditioning of cells transplanted to the myocardium: A molecular imaging study",
abstract = "Aim. Cell-based therapies are a potential therapeutic alternative for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, transplanted cells undergo significant death in the living subject. Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) is a potential intervention to increase transplanted cell survival. However, the biological mechanisms of this benefit remain unclear. We hypothesize that the beneficial effect of HPC on stem cell survival is in part due to preservation of oxidant status, an effect that will be monitored using state-of-the-art molecular imaging. Methods. H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts expressing the construct CMV-firefly luciferase (h9c2-fluc), with and without HPC, were exposed to hypoxia, and oxidative stress and cell survival were measured. Subsequently, H9c2-fluc cells, with and without HPC, were injected into the myocardium of rats and cell survival was monitored daily with Bioluminescence (BLI) using a CCD camera. Results. Compared to controls, cells exposed to hypoxia had increased amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS, control: 14.1±0.9 vs. hypoxia: 19.5±2.0 RFU/μg protein, P=0.02) and decreased cell survival (control: 0.29±0.005 vs. hypoxia: 0.24±0.005 OD, P<0.001). HPC treatment decreased the amount of hypoxia-induced ROS (HPC: 11.5±0.7 RFU/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.11 vs. control), associated with improved survival (HPC: 0.27±0.004OD/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.005 vs. control). Most importantly, compared to un-conditioned cells, HPC-cells had increased cell survival after transplantation to the myocardium (C: 34.7±6.7{\%} vs. HPC: 83.4±17.5{\%} at day 5 compared to day 1, P=0.01). Conclusion. The beneficial effect of HPC is in part due to preservation of oxidant status. Molecular imaging can assess changes in cell survival in the living subject and has the potential to be applied clinically.",
keywords = "Luciferases, firefly, Molecular imaging, Myoblasts, Oxidative stress",
author = "A. Aly and Peterson, {K. M.} and Amir Lerman and Lerman, {Lilach O} and Rodriguez-Porcel, {Martin G}",
year = "2011",
month = "8",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "579--585",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery",
issn = "0021-9509",
publisher = "Edizioni Minerva Medica S.p.A.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of oxidative stress in hypoxia preconditioning of cells transplanted to the myocardium

T2 - A molecular imaging study

AU - Aly, A.

AU - Peterson, K. M.

AU - Lerman, Amir

AU - Lerman, Lilach O

AU - Rodriguez-Porcel, Martin G

PY - 2011/8

Y1 - 2011/8

N2 - Aim. Cell-based therapies are a potential therapeutic alternative for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, transplanted cells undergo significant death in the living subject. Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) is a potential intervention to increase transplanted cell survival. However, the biological mechanisms of this benefit remain unclear. We hypothesize that the beneficial effect of HPC on stem cell survival is in part due to preservation of oxidant status, an effect that will be monitored using state-of-the-art molecular imaging. Methods. H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts expressing the construct CMV-firefly luciferase (h9c2-fluc), with and without HPC, were exposed to hypoxia, and oxidative stress and cell survival were measured. Subsequently, H9c2-fluc cells, with and without HPC, were injected into the myocardium of rats and cell survival was monitored daily with Bioluminescence (BLI) using a CCD camera. Results. Compared to controls, cells exposed to hypoxia had increased amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS, control: 14.1±0.9 vs. hypoxia: 19.5±2.0 RFU/μg protein, P=0.02) and decreased cell survival (control: 0.29±0.005 vs. hypoxia: 0.24±0.005 OD, P<0.001). HPC treatment decreased the amount of hypoxia-induced ROS (HPC: 11.5±0.7 RFU/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.11 vs. control), associated with improved survival (HPC: 0.27±0.004OD/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.005 vs. control). Most importantly, compared to un-conditioned cells, HPC-cells had increased cell survival after transplantation to the myocardium (C: 34.7±6.7% vs. HPC: 83.4±17.5% at day 5 compared to day 1, P=0.01). Conclusion. The beneficial effect of HPC is in part due to preservation of oxidant status. Molecular imaging can assess changes in cell survival in the living subject and has the potential to be applied clinically.

AB - Aim. Cell-based therapies are a potential therapeutic alternative for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, transplanted cells undergo significant death in the living subject. Hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) is a potential intervention to increase transplanted cell survival. However, the biological mechanisms of this benefit remain unclear. We hypothesize that the beneficial effect of HPC on stem cell survival is in part due to preservation of oxidant status, an effect that will be monitored using state-of-the-art molecular imaging. Methods. H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts expressing the construct CMV-firefly luciferase (h9c2-fluc), with and without HPC, were exposed to hypoxia, and oxidative stress and cell survival were measured. Subsequently, H9c2-fluc cells, with and without HPC, were injected into the myocardium of rats and cell survival was monitored daily with Bioluminescence (BLI) using a CCD camera. Results. Compared to controls, cells exposed to hypoxia had increased amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS, control: 14.1±0.9 vs. hypoxia: 19.5±2.0 RFU/μg protein, P=0.02) and decreased cell survival (control: 0.29±0.005 vs. hypoxia: 0.24±0.005 OD, P<0.001). HPC treatment decreased the amount of hypoxia-induced ROS (HPC: 11.5±0.7 RFU/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.11 vs. control), associated with improved survival (HPC: 0.27±0.004OD/μg protein, P=0.002 vs. hypoxia and P=0.005 vs. control). Most importantly, compared to un-conditioned cells, HPC-cells had increased cell survival after transplantation to the myocardium (C: 34.7±6.7% vs. HPC: 83.4±17.5% at day 5 compared to day 1, P=0.01). Conclusion. The beneficial effect of HPC is in part due to preservation of oxidant status. Molecular imaging can assess changes in cell survival in the living subject and has the potential to be applied clinically.

KW - Luciferases, firefly

KW - Molecular imaging

KW - Myoblasts

KW - Oxidative stress

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