C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) is a newly described 22-amino acid peptide of endothelial cell origin, which has selective cardiovascular actions and is structurally related to atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Recent in vitro studies have demonstrated that an important regulatory pathway for the clearance of natriuretic peptides involves binding to a common clearance receptor [natriuretic peptide C receptor (NPR-C)]. Although CNP has also been identified as a ligand for NPR-C in binding assays, no studies have defined the in vivo interaction of CNP with NPR-C. CNP (10 ng · kg-1 · min-1) followed by C-ANP-(4-23), a specific ligand for NPR-C blockade, was infused intravenously in two groups (both n = 7) of anesthetized dogs at two different doses (0.1 or 1.0 μg · kg-1 · min- 1) to permit calculation of total metabolic clearance rate (TMCR). C-ANP- (4-23) increased circulating CNP and reduced TMCR in both groups. Pulmonary metabolic clearance rate was negative at baseline, suggesting a net secretion of CNP across the lung, which was increased during CNP infusion and was abolished with NPR-C blockade. Renal and femoral metabolic clearance rates were positive at baseline and increased with CNP infusion. A decrease in cardiac output and cardiac filling pressures in response to CNP administration was potentiated by NPR-C blockade. We conclude that 1) circulating CNP achieved by CNP infusion is regulated by NPR-C in vivo, 2) the pulmonary circulation is a possible site of CNP secretion, 3) the renal and peripheral circulations are sites of CNP clearance, and 4) NPR-C blockade potentiates the selective cardiovascular actions of CNP.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||1 38-1|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)