Role for exosomes with self-antigens and immune regulatory molecules in allo- and auto-immunity leading to chronic immune injury following murine kidney transplantation

Yoshihiro Itabashi, Ranjithkumar Ravichandran, Sandhya Bansal, Chiahsuan Chin, Christin Poulson, Angara Sureshbabu, Sumi Sukumaran Nair, Sudhir Perincheri, T. Mohanakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Antibodies against donor human leukocyte antigen are a risk factor for chronic immune injury (CII) following renal transplantation; however, it is often not detectable. The main goal of this study is to gain new insights into the kinetics of exosome release and content in sensitized vs non-sensitized recipients. Towards this, we investigated the role for circulating exosomes with allo and self-antigens as well as immunoregulatory molecules in the development of CII and acute rejection. Methods: Using murine kidney allograft rejection models, we investigated the role of exosomes on immune responses leading to allo- and auto-immunity to self-antigens resulting in rejection. Exosomes were analyzed for kidney self-antigens (Collagen-IV, fibronectin, angiotensin II receptor type 1), and immune-regulatory molecules (PD-L1, CD73) using western blot. Antibodies to donor MHC in serum samples were detected by immunofluorescence, self-antigens by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and kidney tissue infiltrating cells were determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: BALB/c; H2d to C57BL/6; H2b renal transplantation (BALB/c), resulted in tubulitis and cellular infiltration by day 14, suggestive of acute inflammation, that was self-limiting with functioning graft. This contributed to CII on post-transplant day >100, which was preceded by induction of exosomes with donor and self-antigens leading to antibodies and immune-regulatory molecules. The absence of acute rejection in this allogenic transplant model is likely due to the induction of splenic and, graft-infiltrating CD4 + FoxP3+ T regulatory cells. In contrast, prior sensitization by skin graft followed by kidney transplantation induced antibodies to MHC and self-antigens leading to acute rejection. Conclusion: We demonstrate a pivotal role for induction of exosomes with immune-regulatory molecules, allo- and auto-immunity to self-antigens leading to chronic immune injury following murine kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101702
JournalTransplant Immunology
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Chronic immune injury
  • Exosomes
  • Intra-graft antibodies
  • Kidney
  • Transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

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