RNAi phenotype profiling of kinases identifies potential therapeutic targets in Ewing's sarcoma

Shilpi Arora, Irma M. Gonzales, R. T. Hagelstrom, Christian Beaudry, Ashish Choudhary, Chao Sima, Raoul Tibes, Spyro Mousses, David O. Azorsa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ewing's sarcomas are aggressive musculoskeletal tumors occurring most frequently in the long and flat bones as a solitary lesion mostly during the teen-age years of life. With current treatments, significant number of patients relapse and survival is poor for those with metastatic disease. As part of novel target discovery in Ewing's sarcoma, we applied RNAi mediated phenotypic profiling to identify kinase targets involved in growth and survival of Ewing's sarcoma cells.Results: Four Ewing's sarcoma cell lines TC-32, TC-71, SK-ES-1 and RD-ES were tested in high throughput-RNAi screens using a siRNA library targeting 572 kinases. Knockdown of 25 siRNAs reduced the growth of all four Ewing's sarcoma cell lines in replicate screens. Of these, 16 siRNA were specific and reduced proliferation of Ewing's sarcoma cells as compared to normal fibroblasts. Secondary validation and preliminary mechanistic studies highlighted the kinases STK10 and TNK2 as having important roles in growth and survival of Ewing's sarcoma cells. Furthermore, knockdown of STK10 and TNK2 by siRNA showed increased apoptosis.Conclusion: In summary, RNAi-based phenotypic profiling proved to be a powerful gene target discovery strategy, leading to successful identification and validation of STK10 and TNK2 as two novel potential therapeutic targets for Ewing's sarcoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number218
JournalMolecular cancer
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Arora, S., Gonzales, I. M., Hagelstrom, R. T., Beaudry, C., Choudhary, A., Sima, C., Tibes, R., Mousses, S., & Azorsa, D. O. (2010). RNAi phenotype profiling of kinases identifies potential therapeutic targets in Ewing's sarcoma. Molecular cancer, 9, [218]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-4598-9-218