The use of monoclonal antibodies in the treatment of malignancy and autoimmune diseases has rapidly expanded in the last decade. Rituximab, a monoclonal antibody to the CD20 antigen on B cells, was first approved by the US FDA in 1997 to treat non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma. It is now used, however, for a variety of diseases in both on- and off-label uses. It was approved by the FDA for use in refractory rheumatoid arthritis in 2007, and in April 2011 it was approved for the treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides (including granulomatosis with polyangiitis [Wegener's granulomatosis] and microscopic polyangiitis), based on the promising results of the RAVE trial. Within the field of nephrology, in addition to its use in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides, it is has been used in the treatment of membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis and lupus nephritis.
- lupus nephritis
- membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
- membranous nephropathy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy