Recent studies have indicated that the tamoxifen-related risk of uterine corpus cancer may be especially high for some uncommon cell types, although the magnitude of risk has not been quantified. We evaluated data from 39 451 breast cancer patients diagnosed from 1980 through 2000 who were initially treated with tamoxifen and found that the overall risk of subsequent uterine corpus cancer was increased more than twofold (observed-to-expected ratio [O/E] = 2.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.95 to 2.41) relative to the general SEER population. The relative risk was substantially higher for malignant mixed mullerian tumors (MMMTs) (O/E = 4.62, O = 34, 95% CI = 3.20 to 6.46) than for endometrial adenocarcinomas (O/E = 2.07, O = 306, 95% CI = 1.85 to 2.32), although the excess absolute risk was smaller - an additional 1.4 versus 8.4 cancers per 10 000 women per year, respectively. Among those who survived for 5 years or longer, there was an eightfold relative risk for MMMTs and a 2.3-fold risk for endometrial adenocarcinomas, with patients developing MMMTs having a worse prognosis. These findings indicate that tamoxifen may have delayed effects, such as the increased risk of MMMTs, rare but aggressive tumors of unclear pathogenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research