Risk of gastrointestinal events among patients with sarcoidosis: A population-based study 1976-2013

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Abstract

Background: An increased risk of gastrointestinal (GI) diseases has been observed in immune-mediated disease but the risk in patients with sarcoidosis is not known. Objectives: Tis study was undertaken to characterize the risk of GI diseases in patients with sarcoidosis. Methods: A population-based cohort of 345 incident cases of sarcoidosis among Olmsted County, Minnesota residents in 1976-2013 was identifed. A cohort of 345 sex and age-matched comparators were also identifed from the same underlying population. Medical records of both groups were reviewed for GI diseases. Cox models adjusted for age, sex and calendar year were used to compare the rate of development of GI diseases between the groups. In addition, Cox models were used to evaluate the association between use of immunosuppressive agents and the development of GI diseases among patients with sarcoidosis. Results: GI events occurred in 101 cases and 63 comparators, corresponding to an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.90 (95% confdence interval [CI] 1.38-2.61). Patients with sarcoidosis had an increased risk for both upper (HR 1.90; 95%CI 1.27-2.83) and lower GI events (HR 1.97; 95%CI 1.27-3.05) relative to comparators. By disease type, patients with sarcoidosis had a signifcantly elevated risk of upper GI ulcer, upper GI hemorrhage and diverticulitis. Regarding medication use, the only signifcant association was an increased risk of upper GI events among biologic agent users (HR 11.09; 95%CI 2.16-56.97). Conclusion: Patients with sarcoidosis have a higher risk of both upper and lower GI events compared with subjects without sarcoidosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSarcoidosis Vasculitis and Diffuse Lung Diseases
Volume35
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 18 2018

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Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Gastrointestinal disease
  • Sarcoidosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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