Risk factors associated with local and in-transit recurrence of cutaneous melanoma

Chee Chee H. Stucky, Richard J. Gray, Amylou C. Dueck, Nabil Wasif, Susan D. Laman, Aleksandar Sekulic, Barbara A. Pockaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Understanding the risk factors for local and in-transit recurrences (LR/ITR) may help facilitate methods of prevention, early detection, and treatment. Methods A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database was performed on patients diagnosed with single-lesion cutaneous melanoma. Clinical and pathologic characteristics of the tumors were evaluated. Results Of 225 patients, 10% had LR/ITR. Patients with LR/ITR were older (P = .0002), had thicker tumors (P = .018), and positive angiolymphatic invasion more frequently (P < .0001). An increased tumor mitotic rate (TMR) was more common in LR/ITRs (P = .051). On univariate logistic regression, age, thickness, TMR of 11/mm2 or greater, and angiolymphatic invasion were all significant risk factors for LR/ITR. Multivariate logistic regression showed age, thickness, and angiolymphatic invasion were the only significant risk factors. Conclusions Older patients with thicker tumors and angiolymphatic invasion appear to be at higher risk for LR/ITR. Such patients warrant consideration of preventative strategies and should receive close clinical follow-up evaluation for early recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-775
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume200
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Cutaneous melanoma
  • In-transit recurrence
  • Local recurrence
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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