Revision of the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST-R): A pilot study

Kristin S. Vickers-Douglas, Christi A. Patten, Paul A. Decker, Kenneth P. Offord, Robert C. Colligan, Kayleen A. Islam-Zwart, Troy D. Wolter, Ivana T. Croghan, Daniel Hall-Flavin, Richard D. Hurt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The original Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST: Swenson and Morse, 1975) is a self-report alcoholism screening measure intended for use with adult medical patients. However, the SAAST does not indicate the recency of alcohol use-related problems, not all items use the appropriate verb tense for assessing lifetime experience of alcohol use-related problems, many of the items contain out-dated language, and the diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence and alcohol abuse are not fully represented. The SAAST was revised to address these issues. This paper describes the rationale for revision and the process through which the SAAST was revised. Preliminary information about comparability of the original SAAST and the revised version (SAAST-R) was obtained. Data are presented from two intervention trials for smokers in which both the SAAST and SAAST-R were administered. One sample was comprised of participants in recovery from alcoholism (N = 60; 82% male) and the other sample consisted of participants not meeting criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence within the previous year (N = 98; 45% male). The results suggest that the SAAST-R is highly correlated with the original SAAST, has a similar factor structure, good internal consistency, and correctly identifies those in recovery from alcoholism. Areas for refinement in the format and items of the SAAST-R were identified and suggestions for further validation studies are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)789-812
Number of pages24
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 2005

Keywords

  • Alcohol misuse
  • Alcoholism
  • Alcoholism screening
  • SAAST

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Vickers-Douglas, K. S., Patten, C. A., Decker, P. A., Offord, K. P., Colligan, R. C., Islam-Zwart, K. A., Wolter, T. D., Croghan, I. T., Hall-Flavin, D., & Hurt, R. D. (2005). Revision of the Self-Administered Alcoholism Screening Test (SAAST-R): A pilot study. Substance Use and Misuse, 40(6), 789-812. https://doi.org/10.1081/JA-200030662