CONTEXT: Six months is the expected time frame to return to sport (RTS) after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS). OBJECTIVE: The primary aims of this study were to (1) report the RTS rate of physically active individuals 6 months after arthroscopic surgery for FAIS and (2) compare the self-reported hip function between those who were able to RTS against those who had not. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. PATIENTS: A total of 42 physically active individuals scheduled for hip arthroscopy for FAIS. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported function, including preinjury and current activity levels and ability to participate in sport, were collected on 42 individuals with FAIS prior to surgery and at 6-month follow-up. Participants were allocated into 2 groups based on self-reported RTS status at 6-month follow-up. Separate 2-way analyses of variance were used to test the interaction of groups (those who did/did not RTS). Main effects were reported in the absence of statistically significant interactions (P ≤ .05). RESULTS: Altogether, 28 of 42 participants (66%) returned for 6-month follow-up; 5 of the 14 participants (35.7%) lost to follow-up underwent contralateral hip surgery within the study time frame. At the 6-month follow-up, 16 of the remaining 28 participants (57.1%) reported that they had returned to sport, 5 of whom returned at their prior level of participation. There was no statistically significant interaction of group and time for either hip outcome score subscale (P ≥ .20). Self-reported hip function improved over time, regardless of group (P ≤ .001). Participants in the yRTS group demonstrated higher hip outcome score-sport scores than did the nRTS group, regardless of time (P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: Though just over half of participants returned to sport 6 months after hip arthroscopy for FAIS, only 18% returned to their previous level of sports participation. Participants who returned to sport reported better function than those who did not, but self-reported hip function improved over time regardless of group. The most commonly reported reasons for not returning to sport were weakness (69.6%), fear (65.2%), and pain (56.5%).
- hip arthroscopy
- hip function
- hip outcome score
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation