Retroviral transduction of human dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase cDNA confers resistance to 5-fluorouracil in murine hematopoietic progenitor cells and human CD34+-enriched peripheral blood progenitor cells

Naoko Takebe, Shi Cheng Zhao, Ali U. Ural, Martin R. Johnson, Debabrata Banerjee, Robert B. Diasio, Joseph R. Bertino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Severe 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) toxicity has been reported among patients lacking dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) enzymatic activity. DPD is the principal enzyme involved in the degradation of 5-FU to 5′-6′-dihydrofluorouracil, which is further metabolized to fluoro-β-alanine. We demonstrate here that overexpression of human DPD confers resistance to 5-FU in NIH3T3 cells, mouse bone marrow cells, and in human CD34+-enriched hematopoietic progenitor cells. An SFG-based dicistronic retroviral vector containing human DPD cDNA, an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES), and the neomycin phosphotransferase (Neo) gene was constructed (SFG-DPD-IRES-Neo). Transduced NIH3T3 cells demonstrated a 2-fold (ED50) increase in resistance to a 4-hour exposure of 5-FU in comparison to nontransduced cells. Expression of DPD was confirmed by Northern and Western blot analyses, and DPD enzyme activity was detectable only in transduced cells. Infection of mouse bone marrow cells with this retroviral construct resulted in an increased number of 5-FU-resistant CFU-GM colonies, compared to mock-transduced bone marrow in both 4-hour and 12- to 14-day exposures. Infection of human CD34+-enriched cells with this construct and incubation with 5-FU (10-6 M) for 14 days also resulted in an increased number of 5-FU-resistant colonies. Retroviral transduction of human hematopoietic progenitor cells with a cDNA-expressing human DPD conferred resistance to 5-FU in NIH3T3 cells, mouse bone marrow cells, and human CD34+-enriched cells. These results encourage the use of this gene as a method to protect patients from 5-FU myelotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)966-973
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Gene Therapy
Volume8
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 27 2001

Keywords

  • CD34 cells
  • DPD
  • Drug resistance
  • Fluoropyrimidine
  • Retroviral vector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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