Retrospective derivation and validation of an automated electronic search algorithm to identify post operative cardiovascular and thromboembolic complications

M. Tien, R. Kashyap, G. A. Wilson, V. Hernandez-Torres, A. K. Jacob, D. R. Schroeder, Carlos B. Mantilla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: With increasing numbers of hospitals adopting electronic medical records, electronic search algorithms for identifying postoperative complications can be invaluable tools to expedite data abstraction and clinical research to improve patient outcomes. Objectives: To derive and validate an electronic search algorithm to identify postoperative thromboembolic and cardiovascular complications such as deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or myocardial infarction within 30 days of total hip or knee arthroplasty. Methods: A total of 34 517 patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty between January 1, 1996 and December 31, 2013 were identified. Using a derivation cohort of 418 patients, several iterations of a free-text electronic search were developed and refined for each complication. Subsequently, the automated search algorithm was validated on an independent cohort of 2 857 patients, and the sensitivity and specificities were compared to the results of manual chart review. Results: In the final derivation subset, the automated search algorithm achieved a sensitivity of 91% and specificity of 85% for deep vein thrombosis, a sensitivity of 96% and specificity of 100% for pulmonary embolism, and a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95% for myocardial infarction. When applied to the validation cohort, the search algorithm achieved a sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 99% for deep vein thrombosis, a sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 100% for pulmonary embolism, and a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 99% for myocardial infarction. Conclusions: The derivation and validation of an electronic search strategy can accelerate the data abstraction process for research, quality improvement, and enhancement of patient care, while maintaining superb reliability compared to manual review.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-576
Number of pages12
JournalApplied clinical informatics
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 13 2015

Keywords

  • Clinical research informatics
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Search algorithm
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Information Management

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