Objectives: The authors aimed to determine whether their reticulated platelet percentage (RP%) analysis technique was suitable for use in term and preterm neonates and to characterize RP% values among nonthrombocytopenic neonates. Methods: The authors modified a whole blood method that uses dual-color CD41 staining for platelet gating and thiazole orange for RNA content, combined with RNase treatment of half the sample to subtract non-RNA fluorescence. The RP% was measured in samples from 10 healthy adults and then a longitudinal study was performed in 15 nonthrombocytopenic preterm neonates on days of life 0 to 1, 2 to 5, 6 to 10, and then weekly until day 28. The authors also performed a cross-sectional study of RP% in 22 nonthrombocytopenic neonates of different gestational age (GA) and post-conceptional age (PCA). Results: Overall, neonates had a higher RP% (2.7 ± 1.6%) than adults (1.1 ± 0.5%; P < 0.01). In preterm neonates, an increase in the RP% occurred between days 0 and 1 (3.3 ± 1.3%) and days 2 and 5 (5.1 ± 1.8%; P = 0.003). By days 6 to 10, the RP% decreased to 3.2 ± 1.1% and remained unchanged throughout the rest of the study period. In neonates less than 7 days old, an inverse relationship was observed between RP% and GA (n = 20, r = -0.70; P = 0.0005). A correlation between RP% and PCA was not seen in neonates 7 days of age or older. Conclusions: This method for determining RP% is suitable for use in term and preterm neonates. In preterm infants, the RP% significantly increases over the first 2 to 5 days of life and then decreases to a stable level over the first 28 days. RP% is generally higher in neonates than in adults. Among preterm infants in the first week of life, the RP% is inversely related to GA.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology|
|State||Published - Dec 2004|
- Reticulated platelet percentages
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health