The results of the modified Fontan procedure were examined in 77 patients 18 years of age and older who underwent operation at this institution between October 1973 and December 1986. This series represents 16% of the patients undergoing the modified Fontan operation during that period. Of the 77 patients (46 men and 31 women), 29 had tricuspid atresia, 30 had double-inlet ventricle and 18 had other complex lesions. There were 5 (6%) hospital deaths, compared with 67 (17%) for patients of all ages undergoing the Fontan operation during the same period. Patient age 18 years and older was not a significant risk factor. There were 8 late deaths. Detailed follow-up data were available on 61 (95%) survivors from 5 months to 12 years (mean 4 years) postoperatively. Fifty-seven (93%) of the patients were in New York Heart Association class I or II, 20 (33%) were taking no medication and 11 (18%) were taking digoxin alone. Seventeen (28%) patients complained of persistent ascites or edema. The study indicated that (1) the modified Fontan operation can be performed with low mortality in adults, (2) the long-term outcome is favorable and (3) persistent ascites or edema may be a problem in some patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine