Results of combined modality therapy for patients with anal cancer (E7283). An eastern cooperative oncology group study

James A. Martenson, Stuart R. Lipsitz, Myrto Lefkopoulou, Paul F. Engstrom, Yogeshwar Y. Dayal, Charles D. Cobau, Martin M. Oken, Daniel G. Hatter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. This prospective study assessed combined modality therapy of patients with International Union Against Cancer classification T1‐4 NO MO anal cancer. Methods. Protocol therapy consisted of a dose of 4000 cGy to the pelvis, anus, and perineum, followed by a 1000‐1300 cGy boost. Infusions of 5‐fluorouracil and mitomycin‐C were administered when radiation therapy began. A second infusion of 5‐fluorouracil was administered 28 days later. Biopsy was performed 6‐8 weeks after completion of treatment. Positive biopsy findings resulted in abdominal‐perineal resection. Results. Survival at 7 years for 50 eligible patients was 58%. White patients and those with favorable performance status had significantly better survival. Of the 46 patients evaluable for response, 34 had a complete response, 11 had a partial response, and I had no response. Seven‐year survival for partial responders was 53%. Freedom from locoregional progression was 80% at 7 years. Conclusion. Treatment with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy is effective for patients with anal cancer. The investigation of methods of improving therapy is warranted. Cancer 1995; 76:1731–6.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1731-1736
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume76
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 1995

Keywords

  • anus
  • cancer
  • chemotherapy
  • combination therapy
  • radiation therapy
  • survival rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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