Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay

Derik Hermsen, F. Apple, L. Garcia-Beltràn, Allan S Jaffe, B. Karon, E. Lewandrowski, A. Mühlbacher, R. Müller, J. Ordóñez, F. Pagani, M. Panteghini, T. Plecko, J. Jarausch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objective: Discrepancies between serum and heparin plasma samples have been described for many commercial troponin assays including the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) assay. Using the current 3rd generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay, heparin plasma cannot be recommended for the determination of cTnT due to systematic lower test results caused by a direct interference of the immunoassay by heparin. The purpose of the multicenter study was to evaluate the analytical performance of an improved 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay with a special focus on the comparability of cTnT results determined in heparin plasma and serum. Methods and Results: The multicenter evaluation was performed in 10 clinical laboratories according to a standardized protocol (Roche Diagnostics, Penzberg, Germany, Study No. B05P008). The Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay was performed on the Modular Analytics E170 and Elecsys 2010 systems. Intraassay imprecision (n = 21) and total imprecision (2 runs/d, 10 days, triplicate measurements) were evaluated using 2 commercial controls (Roche Diagnostics) and 6 different serum pools (cTnT: 0.0140-4.102 μg/L). Intraassay CVs ranged from 0.73 to 3.22%. Total imprecision CVs ranged from 3.61 to 35.45% (cTnT < 0.1 μg/L) and 1.82 to 9.09% (cTnT > 0.1 μg/L), respectively. The cut-off for myocardial necrosis was determined to be 0.03 μg/L using the 10% total imprecision CV criteria. Linearity was assessed by serial dilutions of 6 different serum samples using cTnT negative serum pools. Linearity was proven up to 21.3 μg/L (recoveries: 90%-110%). Regression data of all comparison studies were calculated according to the method of Passing and Bablok. The method comparison between the 4th generation and the commercially available cTnT immunoassay showed highly similar results across the whole measuring range (0.01-25.0 μg/L): y = 1.024x -0.001, r = 0.998; n = 988. Using the commercially available cTnT reagent, the serum to heparin plasma comparison yielded a systematic bias to approximately 8% lower cTnT results in heparin plasma. However, suitable comparability was obtained using the 4th generation Elecsys cTnT assay. The regression analysis (serum vs. heparin plasma) across the studied measuring range (cTnT: 0.01-14 μg/L) yielded the following equation: y = 0.975x + 0.001; r = 0.986; n = 403. However, rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples still yielded poor comparability (deviation > 20%) using the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay. Conclusion: Our data confirm an excellent analytical performance of the improved troponin T immunoassay. Most importantly, no systematic bias between cTnT results determined in serum and heparin plasma was observed from data obtained in 7 evaluation sites. The performance of the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T assay is therefore comparable to other commercially available troponin immunoassays. Further studies are necessary to investigate the cause of poor comparability of cTnT results in rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Laboratory
Volume53
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2007

Fingerprint

Troponin T
Assays
Heparin
Immunoassay
Plasmas
Serum
Troponin
Clinical laboratories

Keywords

  • Comparability
  • Elecsys
  • Heparin plasma
  • Modular E170
  • Serum
  • Troponin T

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Hermsen, D., Apple, F., Garcia-Beltràn, L., Jaffe, A. S., Karon, B., Lewandrowski, E., ... Jarausch, J. (2007). Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay. Clinical Laboratory, 53(1-2), 1-9.

Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay. / Hermsen, Derik; Apple, F.; Garcia-Beltràn, L.; Jaffe, Allan S; Karon, B.; Lewandrowski, E.; Mühlbacher, A.; Müller, R.; Ordóñez, J.; Pagani, F.; Panteghini, M.; Plecko, T.; Jarausch, J.

In: Clinical Laboratory, Vol. 53, No. 1-2, 2007, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hermsen, D, Apple, F, Garcia-Beltràn, L, Jaffe, AS, Karon, B, Lewandrowski, E, Mühlbacher, A, Müller, R, Ordóñez, J, Pagani, F, Panteghini, M, Plecko, T & Jarausch, J 2007, 'Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay', Clinical Laboratory, vol. 53, no. 1-2, pp. 1-9.
Hermsen D, Apple F, Garcia-Beltràn L, Jaffe AS, Karon B, Lewandrowski E et al. Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay. Clinical Laboratory. 2007;53(1-2):1-9.
Hermsen, Derik ; Apple, F. ; Garcia-Beltràn, L. ; Jaffe, Allan S ; Karon, B. ; Lewandrowski, E. ; Mühlbacher, A. ; Müller, R. ; Ordóñez, J. ; Pagani, F. ; Panteghini, M. ; Plecko, T. ; Jarausch, J. / Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay. In: Clinical Laboratory. 2007 ; Vol. 53, No. 1-2. pp. 1-9.
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abstract = "Background and Objective: Discrepancies between serum and heparin plasma samples have been described for many commercial troponin assays including the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) assay. Using the current 3rd generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay, heparin plasma cannot be recommended for the determination of cTnT due to systematic lower test results caused by a direct interference of the immunoassay by heparin. The purpose of the multicenter study was to evaluate the analytical performance of an improved 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay with a special focus on the comparability of cTnT results determined in heparin plasma and serum. Methods and Results: The multicenter evaluation was performed in 10 clinical laboratories according to a standardized protocol (Roche Diagnostics, Penzberg, Germany, Study No. B05P008). The Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay was performed on the Modular Analytics E170 and Elecsys 2010 systems. Intraassay imprecision (n = 21) and total imprecision (2 runs/d, 10 days, triplicate measurements) were evaluated using 2 commercial controls (Roche Diagnostics) and 6 different serum pools (cTnT: 0.0140-4.102 μg/L). Intraassay CVs ranged from 0.73 to 3.22{\%}. Total imprecision CVs ranged from 3.61 to 35.45{\%} (cTnT < 0.1 μg/L) and 1.82 to 9.09{\%} (cTnT > 0.1 μg/L), respectively. The cut-off for myocardial necrosis was determined to be 0.03 μg/L using the 10{\%} total imprecision CV criteria. Linearity was assessed by serial dilutions of 6 different serum samples using cTnT negative serum pools. Linearity was proven up to 21.3 μg/L (recoveries: 90{\%}-110{\%}). Regression data of all comparison studies were calculated according to the method of Passing and Bablok. The method comparison between the 4th generation and the commercially available cTnT immunoassay showed highly similar results across the whole measuring range (0.01-25.0 μg/L): y = 1.024x -0.001, r = 0.998; n = 988. Using the commercially available cTnT reagent, the serum to heparin plasma comparison yielded a systematic bias to approximately 8{\%} lower cTnT results in heparin plasma. However, suitable comparability was obtained using the 4th generation Elecsys cTnT assay. The regression analysis (serum vs. heparin plasma) across the studied measuring range (cTnT: 0.01-14 μg/L) yielded the following equation: y = 0.975x + 0.001; r = 0.986; n = 403. However, rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples still yielded poor comparability (deviation > 20{\%}) using the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay. Conclusion: Our data confirm an excellent analytical performance of the improved troponin T immunoassay. Most importantly, no systematic bias between cTnT results determined in serum and heparin plasma was observed from data obtained in 7 evaluation sites. The performance of the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T assay is therefore comparable to other commercially available troponin immunoassays. Further studies are necessary to investigate the cause of poor comparability of cTnT results in rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples.",
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author = "Derik Hermsen and F. Apple and L. Garcia-Beltr{\`a}n and Jaffe, {Allan S} and B. Karon and E. Lewandrowski and A. M{\"u}hlbacher and R. M{\"u}ller and J. Ord{\'o}{\~n}ez and F. Pagani and M. Panteghini and T. Plecko and J. Jarausch",
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T1 - Results from a multicenter evaluation of the 4th generation Elecsys® troponin T assay

AU - Hermsen, Derik

AU - Apple, F.

AU - Garcia-Beltràn, L.

AU - Jaffe, Allan S

AU - Karon, B.

AU - Lewandrowski, E.

AU - Mühlbacher, A.

AU - Müller, R.

AU - Ordóñez, J.

AU - Pagani, F.

AU - Panteghini, M.

AU - Plecko, T.

AU - Jarausch, J.

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - Background and Objective: Discrepancies between serum and heparin plasma samples have been described for many commercial troponin assays including the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) assay. Using the current 3rd generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay, heparin plasma cannot be recommended for the determination of cTnT due to systematic lower test results caused by a direct interference of the immunoassay by heparin. The purpose of the multicenter study was to evaluate the analytical performance of an improved 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay with a special focus on the comparability of cTnT results determined in heparin plasma and serum. Methods and Results: The multicenter evaluation was performed in 10 clinical laboratories according to a standardized protocol (Roche Diagnostics, Penzberg, Germany, Study No. B05P008). The Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay was performed on the Modular Analytics E170 and Elecsys 2010 systems. Intraassay imprecision (n = 21) and total imprecision (2 runs/d, 10 days, triplicate measurements) were evaluated using 2 commercial controls (Roche Diagnostics) and 6 different serum pools (cTnT: 0.0140-4.102 μg/L). Intraassay CVs ranged from 0.73 to 3.22%. Total imprecision CVs ranged from 3.61 to 35.45% (cTnT < 0.1 μg/L) and 1.82 to 9.09% (cTnT > 0.1 μg/L), respectively. The cut-off for myocardial necrosis was determined to be 0.03 μg/L using the 10% total imprecision CV criteria. Linearity was assessed by serial dilutions of 6 different serum samples using cTnT negative serum pools. Linearity was proven up to 21.3 μg/L (recoveries: 90%-110%). Regression data of all comparison studies were calculated according to the method of Passing and Bablok. The method comparison between the 4th generation and the commercially available cTnT immunoassay showed highly similar results across the whole measuring range (0.01-25.0 μg/L): y = 1.024x -0.001, r = 0.998; n = 988. Using the commercially available cTnT reagent, the serum to heparin plasma comparison yielded a systematic bias to approximately 8% lower cTnT results in heparin plasma. However, suitable comparability was obtained using the 4th generation Elecsys cTnT assay. The regression analysis (serum vs. heparin plasma) across the studied measuring range (cTnT: 0.01-14 μg/L) yielded the following equation: y = 0.975x + 0.001; r = 0.986; n = 403. However, rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples still yielded poor comparability (deviation > 20%) using the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay. Conclusion: Our data confirm an excellent analytical performance of the improved troponin T immunoassay. Most importantly, no systematic bias between cTnT results determined in serum and heparin plasma was observed from data obtained in 7 evaluation sites. The performance of the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T assay is therefore comparable to other commercially available troponin immunoassays. Further studies are necessary to investigate the cause of poor comparability of cTnT results in rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples.

AB - Background and Objective: Discrepancies between serum and heparin plasma samples have been described for many commercial troponin assays including the cardiac troponin T (cTnT) assay. Using the current 3rd generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay, heparin plasma cannot be recommended for the determination of cTnT due to systematic lower test results caused by a direct interference of the immunoassay by heparin. The purpose of the multicenter study was to evaluate the analytical performance of an improved 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay with a special focus on the comparability of cTnT results determined in heparin plasma and serum. Methods and Results: The multicenter evaluation was performed in 10 clinical laboratories according to a standardized protocol (Roche Diagnostics, Penzberg, Germany, Study No. B05P008). The Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay was performed on the Modular Analytics E170 and Elecsys 2010 systems. Intraassay imprecision (n = 21) and total imprecision (2 runs/d, 10 days, triplicate measurements) were evaluated using 2 commercial controls (Roche Diagnostics) and 6 different serum pools (cTnT: 0.0140-4.102 μg/L). Intraassay CVs ranged from 0.73 to 3.22%. Total imprecision CVs ranged from 3.61 to 35.45% (cTnT < 0.1 μg/L) and 1.82 to 9.09% (cTnT > 0.1 μg/L), respectively. The cut-off for myocardial necrosis was determined to be 0.03 μg/L using the 10% total imprecision CV criteria. Linearity was assessed by serial dilutions of 6 different serum samples using cTnT negative serum pools. Linearity was proven up to 21.3 μg/L (recoveries: 90%-110%). Regression data of all comparison studies were calculated according to the method of Passing and Bablok. The method comparison between the 4th generation and the commercially available cTnT immunoassay showed highly similar results across the whole measuring range (0.01-25.0 μg/L): y = 1.024x -0.001, r = 0.998; n = 988. Using the commercially available cTnT reagent, the serum to heparin plasma comparison yielded a systematic bias to approximately 8% lower cTnT results in heparin plasma. However, suitable comparability was obtained using the 4th generation Elecsys cTnT assay. The regression analysis (serum vs. heparin plasma) across the studied measuring range (cTnT: 0.01-14 μg/L) yielded the following equation: y = 0.975x + 0.001; r = 0.986; n = 403. However, rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples still yielded poor comparability (deviation > 20%) using the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T immunoassay. Conclusion: Our data confirm an excellent analytical performance of the improved troponin T immunoassay. Most importantly, no systematic bias between cTnT results determined in serum and heparin plasma was observed from data obtained in 7 evaluation sites. The performance of the 4th generation Elecsys Troponin T assay is therefore comparable to other commercially available troponin immunoassays. Further studies are necessary to investigate the cause of poor comparability of cTnT results in rare individual serum to matched heparin plasma samples.

KW - Comparability

KW - Elecsys

KW - Heparin plasma

KW - Modular E170

KW - Serum

KW - Troponin T

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