Restarting anticoagulation therapy after warfarin-associated intracerebral hemorrhage

Daniel O. Claassen, Noojan Kazemi, Alexander Y. Zubkov, Eelco F.M. Wijdicks, Alejandro A. Rabinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Reinitiating warfarin sodium therapy in a patient with a recent warfarin-related intracerebral hemorrhage (WAICH) is a difficult clinical decision. Therefore, it is important to assess the outcome of resumption or discontinuation of warfarin therapy after WAICH. Objective: To compare patients who survived an episode of WAICH and restarted warfarin therapy with a group of WAICH patients who did not resume warfarin therapy. Design, Setting, and Patients: We conducted a follow-up study from November 1, 2001, through December 31, 2005, in a cohort from a single center. Long-term outcome was assessed at last clinical follow-up or via questionnaire. Main Outcome Measures: Recurrent WAICH and thromboembolic events. Results: Fifty-two patients were discharged from the hospital after a diagnosis of WAICH. Four patients were lost to follow-up. Mean follow-up among all patients was 43 (range, 1-108) months. Of the 23 patients who restarted warfarin therapy, 1 had a recurrent nontraumatic WAICH, 2 had traumatic intracerebral hemorrhages, and 2 had major extracranial hemorrhages. Of the 25 patients who did not restart warfarin therapy, 3 had a thromboembolic stroke, 1 had a pulmonary embolus, and 1 had a distal arterial embolus. Conclusions: Restarting warfarin therapy in patients with a recent WAICH is associated with a low risk of recurrence, but patients are subjected to known, substantial risks of warfarin use. Withholding warfarin therapy is associated with a risk of thromboembolization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1313-1318
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of neurology
Volume65
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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