Responsiveness of cytogenetically discrete human myeloma cell lines to lenalidomide: Lack of correlation with cereblon and interferon regulatory factor 4 expression levels

Alexandra J. Greenberg, Denise K. Walters, Shaji K. Kumar, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Diane F. Jelinek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The introduction of novel immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) has dramatically improved the survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). While it has been shown that patients with specific cytogenetic subtypes, namely t(4;14), have the best outcomes when treated with bortezomib-based regimens, the relationship between cytogenetic subtypes and response to IMiDs remains unclear. Using DNA synthesis assays, we investigated the relationship between cytogenetic subtype and lenalidomide response in a representative panel of human myeloma cell lines (HMCLs). We examined HMCL protein expression levels of the lenalidomide target cereblon (CRBN) and its downstream target interferon regulatory factor-4 (IRF4), which have previously been shown to be predictive of lenalidomide response in HMCLs. Our results reveal that lenalidomide response did not correlate with specific cytogenetic translocations. There were distinct groups of lenalidomide-responsive and non-responsive HMCLs, as defined by inhibition of cellular proliferation; notably, all of the hyperdiploid HMCLs fell into the latter category. Repeated dosing of lenalidomide significantly lowered the IC50 of the responsive HMCL ALMC-1 (IC50 = 2.6 μm vs. 0.005 μm, P < 0.0001), but did not have an effect on the IC50 of the non-responsive DP-6 HMCL (P > 0.05). Moreover, no association was found between lenalidomide responsiveness and CRBN and IRF4 expression. Our data indicate that lenalidomide sensitivity is independent of cytogenetic subtype in HMCLs. While CRBN and IRF4 have been shown to be associated with response to lenalidomide in patients, these findings do not translate back to HMCLs, which could be attributable to factors present in the bone marrow microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-513
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume91
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • CRBN
  • Cytogenetics
  • IRF4
  • Lenalidomide
  • Multiple myeloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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