The mechanism by which glucose stimulates insulin gene expression has been investigated by studying the binding of nuclear proteins to a putative glucose-sensitive element (GSE) in the rat insulin-I gene promoter. Gel retardation assays showed that a specific binding activity was present in four different β-cell lines. The binding activity was increased by glucose only in those β-cell lines which were shown to retain glucose-regulated insulin gene transcription. However, a similar binding activity was also shown to be present in an α-cell line. The protein factor binding to the GSE was estimated to have a molecular weight of 27kD. This protein may play a pivotal role in glucose-regulated transcription of the insulin gene.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology