Response to Glucose of Transcription Factor Binding to the Rat Insulin-1 Gene Promoter

Steven Goodison, Jun Ichi Miyazaki, Stephen J.H. Ashcroft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The mechanism by which glucose stimulates insulin gene expression has been investigated by studying the binding of nuclear proteins to a putative glucose-sensitive element (GSE) in the rat insulin-I gene promoter. Gel retardation assays showed that a specific binding activity was present in four different β-cell lines. The binding activity was increased by glucose only in those β-cell lines which were shown to retain glucose-regulated insulin gene transcription. However, a similar binding activity was also shown to be present in an α-cell line. The protein factor binding to the GSE was estimated to have a molecular weight of 27kD. This protein may play a pivotal role in glucose-regulated transcription of the insulin gene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-710
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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