Response Process Validity Evidence for Video Commentary Assessment in Surgery: A Qualitative Study

Vicky J.H. Yeh, Fareeda Mukhtar, Rachel Yudkowsky, Mohamed S. Baloul, David R. Farley, David A. Cook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: Well-developed mental representations of a task are fundamental to proficient performance. ‘Video Commentary’ (VC) is a novel assessment intended to measure mental representations of surgical tasks that would reflect an important aspect of task proficiency. Whether examinees’ actual response processes align with this intent remains unknown. As part of ongoing validation of the assessment, we sought to understand examinees’ response processes in VC. DESIGN: Grounded theory qualitative study. In 2019, residents were interviewed about their understanding of and approach to VC. Using grounded theory, we created a theoretical model explaining relationships among factors that influence residents' response processes and performance. Residents' perceived purpose of VC was also explored using Likert-type questions. SETTING: Academic surgical residency program. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight surgical residents (PGY-1 to PGY-5). RESULTS: Analysis of narrative comments indicated that residents' perceived purposes of VC generally align with the educator's intent. Resident response processes are influenced by test characteristics, residents' perception and understanding of VC, and residents' personal characteristics. Four strategies seem to guide how residents respond, namely a focus on speed, points, logic, and relevance. Quantitative results indicated residents believe VC scores reflect their ability to speak quickly, ability to think quickly, and knowledge of anatomy (mean = 5.0, 4.5, and 4.4 respectively [1 = strongly disagree, 6 = strongly agree]). PGY-1 and PGY-2 residents tend to focus on naming facts whereas PGY-4 and PGY-5 residents focus on providing comprehensive descriptions. CONCLUSIONS: Residents generally have an accurate understanding of the purpose of VC. However, their use of different approaches could represent a threat to validity. The response strategies of speed, points, logic, and relevance may inform other clinical skills assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1270-1281
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022


  • Educational Measurement
  • Mental Schema
  • Response Process
  • Surgery Education
  • Think Aloud
  • Validation Study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Response Process Validity Evidence for Video Commentary Assessment in Surgery: A Qualitative Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this