P-selectin inhibition has been shown to decrease thrombogenesis in multiple animal species. In this study, we show that a novel oral small-molecule inhibitor of P-selectin, PSI-697, promotes thrombus resolution and decreases inflammation in a baboon model of venous thrombosis. Experimental groups consisted of the following: 1) primates receiving a single oral dose of PSI-697 (30 mg/kg) daily starting three days pre-iliac vein balloon occlusion, and continued for six days; 2) primates receiving a single treatment dose of a low-molecular-weight-heparin (LMWH) (1.5 mg/kg) daily starting one day pre-iliac balloon occlusion, and continued for six days; and 3) primates receiving a single oral dose of a vehicle control daily starting three days pre-iliac vein balloon occlusion, and continued for six days. Animals receiving PSI-697, although thrombosed after balloon deflation, demonstrated greater than 80% vein lumen opening over time, with no opening (0%) for vehicle control (p<0.01). LMWH opening evident after balloon deflation slightly deteriorated over time compared to PSI-697. PSI-697 therapy also significantly decreased vein wall inflammation determined by magnetic resonance venography (MRV). Importantly, this beneficial opening occurred without measured anticoagulation. Animals receiving PSI-697 demonstrated significantly increased plasma D-dimer levels versus LMWH and control animals six hours post thrombus induction (p<0.0 1). This study is the first to demonstrate the effectiveness of oral P-selectin inhibition to modify venous thrombogenesis, increase vein lumen opening, and decrease inflammation in a large animal model.
- Animal models
- Deep venous thrombosis
- Small-molecule inhibitor of p-selectin
- Thrombus resolution
ASJC Scopus subject areas