Background: Estimates suggest 30% of health care expenditures are wasteful. This has led to increased educational interventions in graduate medical education (GME) training aimed to prepare residents for high value, cost-conscious practice. International health electives (IHE) are widely available in GME training and may be provide trainees a unique perspective on principles related to high value, cost-conscious care (HVCCC). Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore how trainee reflections on IHE experiences offer insight into HVCCC. Design: The authors conducted an applied thematic analysis of narrative reflective reports of GME trainees’ IHE experiences to characterize their perceptions of HVCCC. Participants: The Mayo International Health Program (MIHP) supports residents and fellows from all specialties across all Mayo Clinic sites. We included 546 MIHP participants from 2001 to 2020. Approach: The authors collected post-elective narrative reports from all MIHP participants. Reflections were coded and themes were organized into model for transformative learning during IHEs, focusing on HVCCC. Key Results: GME trainees across 24 different medical specialties participated in IHEs in 73 different countries. Three components of transformative learning were identified: disorienting dilemma, critical reflection, and commitment to behavior change. Within the component of critical reflection, three topics related to HVCCC were identified: cost transparency, resource stewardship, and reduced fear of litigation. Transformation was demonstrated through reflection on future behavioral change, including cost-aware practice, stepwise approach to health care, and greater reliance on clinical skills. Conclusions: IHEs provide rich experiences for transformative learning and reflection on HVCCC. These experiences may help shape trainees’ ideology of and commitment to HVCCC practices.
- cost conscious care
- high value care
- International health electives
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine