Research priorities for the influence of gender on diagnostic imaging choices in the emergency department setting

John V. Ashurst, Alan R. Cherney, Elizabeth M. Evans, Michael Kennedy Hall, Erik P. Hess, Jeffrey A. Kline, Alice M. Mitchell, Angela M. Mills, Michael B. Weigner, Christopher L. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Diagnostic imaging is a cornerstone of patient evaluation in the acute care setting, but little effort has been devoted to understanding the appropriate influence of sex and gender on imaging choices. This article provides background on this issue and a description of the working group and consensus findings reached during the diagnostic imaging breakout session at the 2014 Academic Emergency Medicine consensus conference "Gender-specific Research in Emergency Care: Investigate, Understand, and Translate How Gender Affects Patient Outcomes." Our goal was to determine research priorities for how sex and gender may (or should) affect imaging choices in the acute care setting. Prior to the conference, the working group identified five areas for discussion regarding the research agenda in sex- and gender-based imaging using literature review and expert consensus. The nominal group technique was used to identify areas for discussion for common presenting complaints to the emergency department where ionizing radiation is often used for diagnosis: suspected pulmonary embolism, suspected kidney stone, lower abdominal pain with a concern for appendicitis, and chest pain concerning for coronary artery disease. The role of sex- and gender-based shared decision-making in diagnostic imaging decisions is also raised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1431-1437
Number of pages7
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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