Objective: To assess long-term survival with repeat coronary artery bypass grafting (RCABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with previous CABG. Methods: From January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2013, 1612 Mayo Clinic patients underwent RCABG (n=215) or PCI (n=1397) after previous CABG. The RCABG cohort was grouped by use of saphenous vein grafts only (n=75), or with additional arterial grafts (n=140); the PCI cohort by, bare metal stents (BMS; n=628), or drug-eluting stents (DES; n=769), and by the treated target into native coronary artery (n=943), bypass grafts only (n=338), or both (n=116). Multivariable regression and propensity score analysis (n=280 matched patients) were used. Results: In multivariable analysis, the 30-day mortality was increased in RCABG versus PCI patients (hazard ratio [HR], 5.32; 95%CI, 2.34-12.08; P<.001), but overall survival after 30 days improved with RCABG (HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.55-0.94; P=.01). Internal mammary arteries were used in 61% (129 of 215) of previous CABG patients and improved survival (HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.69-0.98; P=.03). Patients treated with drug-eluting stent had better 10-year survival (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.59-0.91; P=.001) than those with bare metal stent alone. In matched patients, RCABG had improved late survival over PCI: 48% vs 33% (HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.35-0.91; P=.02). Compared with RCABG, patients with PCI involving bypass grafts (n=60) had increased late mortality (HR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.10-2.37; P=.01), whereas those having PCI of native coronary arteries (n=80) did not (HR, 1.09; 95% CI, 0.75-1.59; P=.65). Conclusion: RCABG is associated with improved long-term survival after previous CABG, especially compared with PCI involving bypass grafts.
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