Reoperation for failed prosthetic replacement used for limb salvage

Duk Seop Shin, Kristin L. Weber, Edmund Y.S. Chao, Kai Nan An, Franklin H. Sim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with segmental bone and joint replacement prostheses because of tumors increasingly need revision surgery because of their long term survival. Between 1970 and 1990, 208 custom prosthetic replacements were performed for limb salvage in patients with tumors. Reoperations were required in 52 patients. The mean time to reoperation was 37 months. The reoperation procedures included 35 prosthetic revisions, 11 amputations, four arthrodeses, one vascularized fibular graft, and one open reduction and internal fixation of a fracture with supplemental bone graft. Functional assessment using the new Musculoskeletal Tumor Society scoring system was available for the 36 living patients, and their mean rating was 63% (18.9) at 12 years' mean followup. Of the 35 patients who received a new prosthesis, 12 (33%) patients needed a third operation at mean followup of 68 months. The probability of prosthetic survival in the group of 35 patients needing revision to the same or another prosthesis was 79% at 5 years and 65% at 10 years. The chance and frequency of needing reoperation increased as patients survived longer. Reoperations for tumor recurrence or infection usually resulted in amputation. Reoperation for failed initial segmental bone and joint prosthetic replacement is feasible and effective and can be done without jeopardizing subsequent patient and implant survival or without significantly affecting functional results compared with the values before reoperation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-63
Number of pages11
JournalClinical orthopaedics and related research
Issue number358
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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