REO-10: A phase I study of intravenous reovirus and docetaxel in patients with advanced cancer

Charles Comins, James Spicer, Andrew Protheroe, Victoria Roulstone, Katie Twigger, Christine M. White, Richard Vile, Alan Melcher, Matt C. Coffey, Karl L. Mettinger, Gerard Nuovo, David E. Cohn, Mitch Phelps, Kevin J. Harrington, Hardev S. Pandha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: REOLYSIN (Oncolytics Biotech) consists of a wild-type oncolytic reovirus, which has selective cytotoxicity for tumor cells while sparing normal cells. In a phase I study as a single agent, repeated infusions of reovirus were safe with evidence of antitumor activity. Preclinical studies indicate potential for synergy between reovirus and chemotherapeutic agents. A multicenter, phase I dose escalation study was designed to assess the safety of combining reovirus with docetaxel chemotherapy in patients with advanced cancer. Experimental Design: Patients received 75 mg/m2 docetaxel (day 1) and escalating doses of reovirus up to 3 × 1010 TCID 50 (days 1-5) every 3 weeks. Results: Twenty-five patients were enrolled, and 24 patients were exposed to treatment, with 23 completing at least one cycle and 16 suitable for response assessment. Dose-limiting toxicity of grade 4 neutropenia was seen in one patient, but the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Antitumor activity was seen with one complete response and three partial responses. A disease control rate (combined complete response, partial response, and stable disease) of 88% was observed. Immunohistochemical analysis of reovirus protein expression was observed in posttreatment tumor biopsies from three patients. Conclusion: The combination of reovirus and docetaxel is safe, with evidence of objective disease response, and warrants further evaluation in a phase II study at a recommended schedule of docetaxel (75 mg/m2, three times weekly) and reovirus (3 × 1010 TCID50, days 1-5, every 3 weeks).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5564-5572
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume16
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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