Renal medullary 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in Dahl salt-sensitive hypertension

Yong Liu, Ravinder J. Singh, Kristie Usa, Brian C. Netzel, Mingyu Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Dahl salt-sensitive rat is a widely used model of human salt-sensitive forms of hypertension. The kidney plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Dahl salt-sensitive hypertension, but the molecular mechanisms involved remain a subject of intensive investigation. Gene expression profiling studies suggested that 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 might be dysregulated in the renal medulla of Dahl salt-sensitive rats. Additional analysis confirmed that renal medullary expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 was downregulated by a high-salt diet in SS-13BN rats, a consomic rat strain with reduced blood pressure salt sensitivity, but not in Dahl salt-sensitive rats. 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 is known to convert inactive 11-dehydrocorticosterone to active corticosterone. The urinary corticosterone/11-dehydrocorticosterone ratio as well as urinary excretion of corticosterone was higher in Dahl salt-sensitive rats than in SS-13BN rats. Knockdown of renal medullary 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 with small-interfering RNA attenuated the early phase of salt-induced hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive rats and reduced urinary excretion of corticosterone. Knockdown of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 did not affect blood pressure in SS-13BN rats. Long-term attenuation of salt-induced hypertension was achieved with small hairpin RNA targeting renal medullary 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1. In summary, we have demonstrated that suppression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 expression in the renal medulla attenuates salt-induced hypertension in Dahl salt-sensitive rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-58
Number of pages7
JournalPhysiological Genomics
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2008

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Gene expression
  • Gene therapy
  • Glucocorticoids
  • RNA interference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

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