To review the results of percutaneous transluminal renal artery angloplasty (PTRA), including technical success and clinical outcome, at Mayo Clinic Rochester. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with 320 patients who underwent PTRA for stenosis of 396 arteries during a 14-year period. We reviewed medical records and angiograms of patients who underwent PTRA at Mayo Clinic Rochester between January 1980 and December 1993. The patients were divided into four groups, based on clinical history and anglographic appearance of the stenosing lesion: renal artery atherosclerosis (ASO group), fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD group), previous renal artery bypass or endarterectomy, and renal artery stenosis in a solitary kidney. Technical results of the PTRA were determined by evaluation of angiograms obtained before and after the procedure. Data on patient demographics, blood pressure, antihypertensive medications, and serum creatinine were recorded for the period preceding PTRA, after the procedure, and at last follow-up. All groups had statistically significant reductions in mean arterial pressure and antihypertensive medications after PTRA. The percentage of patients who benefited after renal artery angioplasty was 70% for patients with ASO (8.4% cured), 63% for patients with FMD (22% cured), 53.8% for patients with prior surgical revascularization (23.1 % cured), and 91.7% for patients with a solitary kidney (0% cured). No significant overall change in serum creatinine level was noted after the procedure in any group. Complications were comparable to those reported in other studies. The 30-day all-cause mortality rate was 2.2 % for the current study, all deaths occurring in the ASO group. PTRA rarely leads to a “cure” of renovascular hypertension but provides effective control of blood pressure and decreases the medication requirements in selected patients.
- fibromuscular dysplasia
- percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty
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