The clinical efficacy of evaluating genetic anomalies in metaphase cells versus interphase nuclei for multiple myeloma (MM) is poorly understood. Therefore, survival for 154 patients with newly diagnosed untreated MM was compared with results from analysis of metaphase and interphase cells. Metaphases were studied by conventional cytogenetics and fluorescent-labeled DNA probes (fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH]), whereas interphase nuclei were evaluated only by FISH. All FISH studies were done using DNA probes to detect t(4;14)(p16;q32), t(11;14)(q13;q32), t(14;16)(q32;q23), del(17)(p13.1), and chromosome 13 anomalies. Metaphases were abnormal by cytogenetics and/or metaphase FISH in 61 (40%) patients. Abnormal interphase nuclei were observed in 133 (86%) patients, including each patient with abnormal metaphases. FISH was a necessary adjunct to cytogenetics to detect t(4;14) and t(14;16) in metaphase cells. Patient survival was especially poor for patients with greater than 50% abnormal interphase nuclei, although this result was more likely due to level of plasma cells than specific chromosome anomalies. For metaphase data, patients with t(4;14), t(14;16), del(17)(p13.1), and/or chromosome 13 anomalies (primarily monosomy 13) had poor survival. A different outcome was observed for interphase data as patients with t(4;14) or t(14;16) had poor survival, whereas patients with chromosome 13 anomalies had intermediate survival: interphase FISH did not substitute for metaphase analysis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology