Relationship of optimism-pessimism and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors

Larra R. Petersen, Matthew M Clark, Paul Novotny, Simon Kung, Jeff A Sloan, Christi Ann Patten, Kristin S. Vickers, Teresa A. Rummans, Marlene H. Frost, Robert C. Colligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few studies have investigated the influence of optimism-pessimism in breast cancer survivors. This study used a retrospective design with 268 adult women who completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) as part of their medical care approximately 10 years prior to their breast cancer diagnosis and Medical Outcome Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-36 or SF-12), on average, 8 years after diagnosis. MMPI pessimism scores were divided into quartiles, and t tests were used to determine differences between those highest and lowest in pessimism on health-related quality-of-life (QOL) measures, demographics, and disease status. The mean age at diagnosis of breast cancer was 63 years, and 74% had early-stage breast cancer. Patients age 65 years and older were significantly lower on physical health-related QOL scales. There were no significant differences in health-related QOL scores by stage of disease. Patients with a pessimistic explanatory style were significantly lower on all of the health-related QOL scores, compared to those with a nonpessimistic style. Breast cancer survivors who exhibit a pessimistic explanatory style report lower health-related QOL for years after receiving a cancer diagnosis, compared to nonpessimistic women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-32
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Oncology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2008

Fingerprint

Survivors
Quality of Life
Breast Neoplasms
MMPI
Health Surveys
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Optimism
Pessimism
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Explanatory style
  • Optimism-pessimism
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Oncology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Relationship of optimism-pessimism and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors. / Petersen, Larra R.; Clark, Matthew M; Novotny, Paul; Kung, Simon; Sloan, Jeff A; Patten, Christi Ann; Vickers, Kristin S.; Rummans, Teresa A.; Frost, Marlene H.; Colligan, Robert C.

In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, Vol. 26, No. 4, 03.10.2008, p. 15-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Petersen, Larra R. ; Clark, Matthew M ; Novotny, Paul ; Kung, Simon ; Sloan, Jeff A ; Patten, Christi Ann ; Vickers, Kristin S. ; Rummans, Teresa A. ; Frost, Marlene H. ; Colligan, Robert C. / Relationship of optimism-pessimism and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors. In: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology. 2008 ; Vol. 26, No. 4. pp. 15-32.
@article{377b3450c9bd44799ae271b68c03307c,
title = "Relationship of optimism-pessimism and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors",
abstract = "Few studies have investigated the influence of optimism-pessimism in breast cancer survivors. This study used a retrospective design with 268 adult women who completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) as part of their medical care approximately 10 years prior to their breast cancer diagnosis and Medical Outcome Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-36 or SF-12), on average, 8 years after diagnosis. MMPI pessimism scores were divided into quartiles, and t tests were used to determine differences between those highest and lowest in pessimism on health-related quality-of-life (QOL) measures, demographics, and disease status. The mean age at diagnosis of breast cancer was 63 years, and 74{\%} had early-stage breast cancer. Patients age 65 years and older were significantly lower on physical health-related QOL scales. There were no significant differences in health-related QOL scores by stage of disease. Patients with a pessimistic explanatory style were significantly lower on all of the health-related QOL scores, compared to those with a nonpessimistic style. Breast cancer survivors who exhibit a pessimistic explanatory style report lower health-related QOL for years after receiving a cancer diagnosis, compared to nonpessimistic women.",
keywords = "Cancer, Explanatory style, Optimism-pessimism, Quality of life",
author = "Petersen, {Larra R.} and Clark, {Matthew M} and Paul Novotny and Simon Kung and Sloan, {Jeff A} and Patten, {Christi Ann} and Vickers, {Kristin S.} and Rummans, {Teresa A.} and Frost, {Marlene H.} and Colligan, {Robert C.}",
year = "2008",
month = "10",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/07347330802359578",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "15--32",
journal = "Journal of Psychosocial Oncology",
issn = "0734-7332",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship of optimism-pessimism and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors

AU - Petersen, Larra R.

AU - Clark, Matthew M

AU - Novotny, Paul

AU - Kung, Simon

AU - Sloan, Jeff A

AU - Patten, Christi Ann

AU - Vickers, Kristin S.

AU - Rummans, Teresa A.

AU - Frost, Marlene H.

AU - Colligan, Robert C.

PY - 2008/10/3

Y1 - 2008/10/3

N2 - Few studies have investigated the influence of optimism-pessimism in breast cancer survivors. This study used a retrospective design with 268 adult women who completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) as part of their medical care approximately 10 years prior to their breast cancer diagnosis and Medical Outcome Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-36 or SF-12), on average, 8 years after diagnosis. MMPI pessimism scores were divided into quartiles, and t tests were used to determine differences between those highest and lowest in pessimism on health-related quality-of-life (QOL) measures, demographics, and disease status. The mean age at diagnosis of breast cancer was 63 years, and 74% had early-stage breast cancer. Patients age 65 years and older were significantly lower on physical health-related QOL scales. There were no significant differences in health-related QOL scores by stage of disease. Patients with a pessimistic explanatory style were significantly lower on all of the health-related QOL scores, compared to those with a nonpessimistic style. Breast cancer survivors who exhibit a pessimistic explanatory style report lower health-related QOL for years after receiving a cancer diagnosis, compared to nonpessimistic women.

AB - Few studies have investigated the influence of optimism-pessimism in breast cancer survivors. This study used a retrospective design with 268 adult women who completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) as part of their medical care approximately 10 years prior to their breast cancer diagnosis and Medical Outcome Study Short-Form General Health Survey (SF-36 or SF-12), on average, 8 years after diagnosis. MMPI pessimism scores were divided into quartiles, and t tests were used to determine differences between those highest and lowest in pessimism on health-related quality-of-life (QOL) measures, demographics, and disease status. The mean age at diagnosis of breast cancer was 63 years, and 74% had early-stage breast cancer. Patients age 65 years and older were significantly lower on physical health-related QOL scales. There were no significant differences in health-related QOL scores by stage of disease. Patients with a pessimistic explanatory style were significantly lower on all of the health-related QOL scores, compared to those with a nonpessimistic style. Breast cancer survivors who exhibit a pessimistic explanatory style report lower health-related QOL for years after receiving a cancer diagnosis, compared to nonpessimistic women.

KW - Cancer

KW - Explanatory style

KW - Optimism-pessimism

KW - Quality of life

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=65749193078&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=65749193078&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07347330802359578

DO - 10.1080/07347330802359578

M3 - Article

C2 - 19042270

AN - SCOPUS:65749193078

VL - 26

SP - 15

EP - 32

JO - Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

JF - Journal of Psychosocial Oncology

SN - 0734-7332

IS - 4

ER -