Relationship of neighboring tissue and gliosis to α-synuclein pathology in a fetal transplant for Parkinson's disease

Tae Beom Ahn, J. William Langston, Venkat Raghav Aachi, Dennis W Dickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Fetal transplantation for Parkinson disease (PD) had been considered a promising therapeutic strategy; however, reports of Lewy bodies (LBs) and Lewy neurites (LNs) in engrafted tissue adds to controversy surrounding this treatment for PD. Methods: The brain of a PD patient who had fetal transplantation 14 years before death was evaluated. The graft was studied with routine histologic methods, as well as immunohistochemistry for α- synuclein, neurofilament, synaptophysin and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), as well as glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) for astrocytes and ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA-1) for microglia. Results: On coronal sections of the brain, the graft extended from the putamen to the amygdala, abutting the anterior hippocampus. Microscopically, the graft consisted of neuron-rich and glia-rich portions. Neuron-rich portions, resembling a neuronal heterotopia, were located in the putamen, whereas the glia-rich portion was more ventral near the amygdala. LBs and LNs were detected in the ventral portion of the graft, especially that part of the graft within the amygdala. Areas with LBs and LNs also had astrogliosis and microgliosis. TH positive neurons were rare and their distribution did not overlap with LBs or LNs. Comments: LBs and LNs were detected in the transplanted tissue with α-synuclein immunohistochemistry. Unexpected outgrowth of the graft into the amygdala was accompanied by skewed distribution of LBs and gliosis, more abundant in the graft within the amygdala. The distribution of LBs within the graft may suggest the potential role of the local environment as well as gliosis in formation of α-synuclein pathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-59
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2012

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Keywords

  • Fetal transplantation
  • Gliosis
  • Parkinson Disease (PD)
  • Therapy
  • α-synuclein pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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