Purpose: Spexin, a novel peptide, has potential implications in obesity, satiety and energy homeostasis. The current study examined the relationship of spexin with various biomarkers of cardiovascular disease and endothelial function in adolescents with obesity. Methods: Nineteen adolescents with obesity (age, 15.8 ± 1.7 years) were studied. Spexin, leptin and various cardiovascular disease biomarkers were measured. Endothelial function was assessed by high-resolution Doppler ultrasonography of the right brachial artery. Results: Spexin concentration (median [interquartile range] 0.38 ng/mL [0.29-0.59 ng/mL]) was inversely correlated (r = -0.50, P = 0.03) with leptin. When participants were clustered into two groups ('high spexin and low leptin' vs. 'low spexin and high leptin'), the odds of having 'low spexin and high leptin' in participants with higher hs-CRP (≥ 3 mg/L) were 12.25 times (95 per cent CI -1 to139, P = 0.026) higher than those of participants with lower hs-CRP (<3 mg/L). Spexin levels, however, were not associated with measures of endothelial function. Conclusions: The inverse association between spexin and leptin and the presence of higher concentrations of hs-CRP in adolescents with obesity in the setting of 'low spexin and high leptin' suggest a potential role for spexin in the regulation of satiety and certain cardiovascular risk factors in children with obesity.
- Cardiovascular risk
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Health Policy
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health