Relationship of autonomy social support to quitting motivation in diverse smokers

Christi Ann Patten, Kathy Goggin, Kari Jo Harris, Kimber P. Richter, Karen Williams, Paul A. Decker, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Delwyn Catley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Research examining relationships between social support and smoking cessation has paid little attention to non-treatment seeking smokers and not considered the role of autonomy support for fostering quitting motivation. This study examined if autonomy support received from family and friends was associated with quitting motivation and making a quit attempt among diverse smokers with varying levels of quitting motivation. Demographic characteristics associated with autonomy support were explored. Methods: Participants (N = 312) responded to advertisements seeking smokers ‘not quite ready to quit,’ and were primarily Black, low-income and unemployed. Most (255) of them were enrolled in a clinical trial of smoking cessation induction strategies (treatment sample). An additional 57 not meeting the trial eligibility criteria of low quitting motivation were enrolled for baseline assessments only. Participants completed baseline measures of autonomy support received from friends and autonomous quitting motivation. In the treatment sample, quit attempts were assessed at six-month follow-up. Results: Females reported higher levels than males of autonomy support from friends (p = 0.003). Participants with a high school diploma/GED reported higher levels of support from family (p 

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalAddiction Research and Theory
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 12 2016

Fingerprint

Social Support
Motivation
Smoking Cessation
Foster Home Care
Demography
Clinical Trials
Therapeutics
Research

Keywords

  • intervention
  • nicotine dependence
  • self-determination theory
  • smoking
  • smoking cessation
  • Social networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Patten, C. A., Goggin, K., Harris, K. J., Richter, K. P., Williams, K., Decker, P. A., ... Catley, D. (Accepted/In press). Relationship of autonomy social support to quitting motivation in diverse smokers. Addiction Research and Theory, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2016.1170815

Relationship of autonomy social support to quitting motivation in diverse smokers. / Patten, Christi Ann; Goggin, Kathy; Harris, Kari Jo; Richter, Kimber P.; Williams, Karen; Decker, Paul A.; Bradley-Ewing, Andrea; Catley, Delwyn.

In: Addiction Research and Theory, 12.04.2016, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Patten, CA, Goggin, K, Harris, KJ, Richter, KP, Williams, K, Decker, PA, Bradley-Ewing, A & Catley, D 2016, 'Relationship of autonomy social support to quitting motivation in diverse smokers', Addiction Research and Theory, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2016.1170815
Patten, Christi Ann ; Goggin, Kathy ; Harris, Kari Jo ; Richter, Kimber P. ; Williams, Karen ; Decker, Paul A. ; Bradley-Ewing, Andrea ; Catley, Delwyn. / Relationship of autonomy social support to quitting motivation in diverse smokers. In: Addiction Research and Theory. 2016 ; pp. 1-6.
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