BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: When managing meningiomas, intraoperative tumor consistency and histologic subtype are indispensable factors influencing operative strategy. The purposes of this study were the following: 1) to investigate the correlation between stiffness assessed with MR elastography and perfusion metrics from perfusion CT, 2) to evaluate whether MR elastography and perfusion CT could predict intraoperative tumor consistency, and 3) to explore the predictive value of stiffness and perfusion metrics in distinguishing among histologic subtypes of meningioma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mean tumor stiffness and relative perfusion metrics (blood flow, blood volume, and MTT) were calculated (relative to normal brain tissue) for 14 patients with meningiomas who underwent MR elastography and perfusion CT before surgery (cohort 1). Intraoperative tumor consistency was graded by a neurosurgeon in 18 patients (cohort 2, comprising the 14 patients from cohort 1 plus 4 additional patients). The correlation between tumor stiffness and perfusion metrics was evaluated in cohort 1, as was the ability of perfusion metrics to predict intraoperative tumor consistency and discriminate histologic subtypes. Cohort 2 was analyzed for the ability of stiffness to determine intraoperative tumor consistency and histologic subtypes. RESULTS: The relative MTT was inversely correlated with stiffness (P=.006). Tumor stiffness was positively correlated with intraoperative tumor consistency (P=.01), while perfusion metrics were not. Relative MTT significantly discriminated transitional meningioma from meningothelial meningioma (P=.04), while stiffness did not significantly differentiate any histologic subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: In meningioma, tumor stiffness may be useful to predict intraoperative tumor consistency, while relative MTT may potentially correlate with tumor stiffness and differentiate transitional meningioma from meningothelial meningioma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology