Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents

Tait D. Shanafelt, Colin Patrick West, Xinghua Zhao, Paul Novotny, Joseph Kolars, Thomas Matthew Habermann, Jeff A Sloan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

204 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND; While resident distress and its potential to negatively effect patient care have been well documented, little is known about resident well-being or its potential to enhance care. OBJECTIVE: We measured resident well-being and explored its relationship with empathy. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents at Mayo Clinic Rochester (n = 165, summer 2003). MEASUREMENTS: Well-being was measured using the previously validated Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form (SF-8). Empathy was measured using the previously validated Perspective Taking (PT) and Empathetic Concerns (EC) Sub-scales of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). RESULTS: Eighty-three (50%) residents responded to the survey. Mean scores for well-being as measured by the SF-8 were comparable to the general population, and empathy scores on the IRI were similar to other resident samples. Resident empathy on both the cognitive (PT) and emotive (EC) sub-scales of the IRI was higher for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8; however, this difference was statistically significant only for the cognitive sub-scale. The importance of a number of personal wellness promotion strategies differed for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8. CONCLUSIONS: High mental well-being was associated with enhanced resident empathy in this cross-sectional survey. Future studies need to explore the potential for high resident well-being to enhance medical care and competency in addition to exploring the negative consequences of resident distress. Studies investigating how to promote resident well-being are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-564
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2005

Fingerprint

Internal Medicine
Cross-Sectional Studies
Patient Care
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Population

Keywords

  • Competency
  • Distress
  • Empathy
  • Resident
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents. / Shanafelt, Tait D.; West, Colin Patrick; Zhao, Xinghua; Novotny, Paul; Kolars, Joseph; Habermann, Thomas Matthew; Sloan, Jeff A.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 20, No. 7, 07.2005, p. 559-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shanafelt, Tait D. ; West, Colin Patrick ; Zhao, Xinghua ; Novotny, Paul ; Kolars, Joseph ; Habermann, Thomas Matthew ; Sloan, Jeff A. / Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents. In: Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 20, No. 7. pp. 559-564.
@article{a326a8515783437795035fc3fe4f2735,
title = "Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents",
abstract = "BACKGROUND; While resident distress and its potential to negatively effect patient care have been well documented, little is known about resident well-being or its potential to enhance care. OBJECTIVE: We measured resident well-being and explored its relationship with empathy. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents at Mayo Clinic Rochester (n = 165, summer 2003). MEASUREMENTS: Well-being was measured using the previously validated Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form (SF-8). Empathy was measured using the previously validated Perspective Taking (PT) and Empathetic Concerns (EC) Sub-scales of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). RESULTS: Eighty-three (50{\%}) residents responded to the survey. Mean scores for well-being as measured by the SF-8 were comparable to the general population, and empathy scores on the IRI were similar to other resident samples. Resident empathy on both the cognitive (PT) and emotive (EC) sub-scales of the IRI was higher for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8; however, this difference was statistically significant only for the cognitive sub-scale. The importance of a number of personal wellness promotion strategies differed for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8. CONCLUSIONS: High mental well-being was associated with enhanced resident empathy in this cross-sectional survey. Future studies need to explore the potential for high resident well-being to enhance medical care and competency in addition to exploring the negative consequences of resident distress. Studies investigating how to promote resident well-being are needed.",
keywords = "Competency, Distress, Empathy, Resident, Well-being",
author = "Shanafelt, {Tait D.} and West, {Colin Patrick} and Xinghua Zhao and Paul Novotny and Joseph Kolars and Habermann, {Thomas Matthew} and Sloan, {Jeff A}",
year = "2005",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.0108.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "559--564",
journal = "Journal of General Internal Medicine",
issn = "0884-8734",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between increased personal well-being and enhanced empathy among internal medicine residents

AU - Shanafelt, Tait D.

AU - West, Colin Patrick

AU - Zhao, Xinghua

AU - Novotny, Paul

AU - Kolars, Joseph

AU - Habermann, Thomas Matthew

AU - Sloan, Jeff A

PY - 2005/7

Y1 - 2005/7

N2 - BACKGROUND; While resident distress and its potential to negatively effect patient care have been well documented, little is known about resident well-being or its potential to enhance care. OBJECTIVE: We measured resident well-being and explored its relationship with empathy. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents at Mayo Clinic Rochester (n = 165, summer 2003). MEASUREMENTS: Well-being was measured using the previously validated Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form (SF-8). Empathy was measured using the previously validated Perspective Taking (PT) and Empathetic Concerns (EC) Sub-scales of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). RESULTS: Eighty-three (50%) residents responded to the survey. Mean scores for well-being as measured by the SF-8 were comparable to the general population, and empathy scores on the IRI were similar to other resident samples. Resident empathy on both the cognitive (PT) and emotive (EC) sub-scales of the IRI was higher for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8; however, this difference was statistically significant only for the cognitive sub-scale. The importance of a number of personal wellness promotion strategies differed for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8. CONCLUSIONS: High mental well-being was associated with enhanced resident empathy in this cross-sectional survey. Future studies need to explore the potential for high resident well-being to enhance medical care and competency in addition to exploring the negative consequences of resident distress. Studies investigating how to promote resident well-being are needed.

AB - BACKGROUND; While resident distress and its potential to negatively effect patient care have been well documented, little is known about resident well-being or its potential to enhance care. OBJECTIVE: We measured resident well-being and explored its relationship with empathy. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Internal medicine residents at Mayo Clinic Rochester (n = 165, summer 2003). MEASUREMENTS: Well-being was measured using the previously validated Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form (SF-8). Empathy was measured using the previously validated Perspective Taking (PT) and Empathetic Concerns (EC) Sub-scales of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). RESULTS: Eighty-three (50%) residents responded to the survey. Mean scores for well-being as measured by the SF-8 were comparable to the general population, and empathy scores on the IRI were similar to other resident samples. Resident empathy on both the cognitive (PT) and emotive (EC) sub-scales of the IRI was higher for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8; however, this difference was statistically significant only for the cognitive sub-scale. The importance of a number of personal wellness promotion strategies differed for residents with higher mental well-being on the SF-8. CONCLUSIONS: High mental well-being was associated with enhanced resident empathy in this cross-sectional survey. Future studies need to explore the potential for high resident well-being to enhance medical care and competency in addition to exploring the negative consequences of resident distress. Studies investigating how to promote resident well-being are needed.

KW - Competency

KW - Distress

KW - Empathy

KW - Resident

KW - Well-being

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=22644447931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=22644447931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.0108.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.0108.x

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 559

EP - 564

JO - Journal of General Internal Medicine

JF - Journal of General Internal Medicine

SN - 0884-8734

IS - 7

ER -